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 * osscan.h -- Routines used for OS detection via TCP/IP fingerprinting.   *
 * For more information on how this works in Nmap, see my paper at         *
 * http://nmap.org/osdetect/                                               *
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/* $Id: osscan.h 16190 2009-11-23 21:22:07Z david $ */

#ifndef OSSCAN_H
#define OSSCAN_H

#include "nmap.h"
#include "global_structures.h"
#include "FingerPrintResults.h"
#include "Target.h"


/* We won't even consider matches with a lower accuracy than this */

/**********************  STRUCTURES  ***********************************/

/* moved to global_structures.h */

/**********************  PROTOTYPES  ***********************************/

/* The OS database consists of many small strings, many of which appear
   thousands of times. It pays to allocate memory only once for each unique
   string, and have all references point at the one allocated value. */
const char *string_pool_insert(const char *s);
const char *string_pool_sprintf(const char *fmt, ...);

const char *fp2ascii(FingerPrint *FP);

/* Parses a single fingerprint from the memory region given.  If a
 non-null fingerprint is returned, the user is in charge of freeing it
 when done.  This function does not require the fingerprint to be 100%
 complete since it is used by scripts such as scripts/fingerwatch for
 which some partial fingerpritns are OK. */
FingerPrint *parse_single_fingerprint(char *fprint_orig);

/* These functions take a file/db name and open+parse it, returning an
   (allocated) FingerPrintDB containing the results.  They exit with
   an error message in the case of error. */
FingerPrintDB *parse_fingerprint_file(const char *fname);
FingerPrintDB *parse_fingerprint_reference_file(const char *dbname);

void free_fingerprint_file(FingerPrintDB *DB);

/* Compares 2 fingerprints -- a referenceFP (can have expression
   attributes) with an observed fingerprint (no expressions).  If
   verbose is nonzero, differences will be printed.  The comparison
   accuracy (between 0 and 1) is returned).  If MatchPoints is not NULL, it is 
   a special "fingerprints" which tells how many points each test is worth. */
double compare_fingerprints(FingerPrint *referenceFP, FingerPrint *observedFP,
                      FingerPrint *MatchPoints, int verbose);

/* Takes a fingerprint and looks for matches inside the passed in
   reference fingerprint DB.  The results are stored in in FPR (which
   must point to an instantiated FingerPrintResults class) -- results
   will be reverse-sorted by accuracy.  No results below
   accuracy_threshhold will be included.  The max matches returned is
   the maximum that fits in a FingerPrintResults class.  */
void match_fingerprint(FingerPrint *FP, FingerPrintResults *FPR, 
                   FingerPrintDB *DB, double accuracy_threshold);

/* Returns true if perfect match -- if num_subtests & num_subtests_succeeded are non_null it updates them.  if shortcircuit is zero, it does all the tests, otherwise it returns when the first one fails */

void freeFingerPrint(FingerPrint *FP);
const char *mergeFPs(FingerPrint *FPs[], int numFPs, bool isGoodFP,
                           const struct in_addr * const addr, int distance,
                           enum dist_calc_method distance_calculation_method,
                           const u8 *mac, int openTcpPort, int closedTcpPort,
                           int closedUdpPort, bool wrapit);

#endif /*OSSCAN_H*/

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