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pcap.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    This product includes software developed by the Computer Systems
 *    Engineering Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor of the Laboratory may be used
 *    to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static const char rcsid[] _U_ =
    "@(#) $Header: /tcpdump/master/libpcap/pcap.c,v 1.112.2.12 2008-09-22 20:16:01 guy Exp $ (LBL)";
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
#include <pcap-stdinc.h>
#else /* WIN32 */
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif /* WIN32 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__BORLANDC__)
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>

#ifdef HAVE_OS_PROTO_H
#include "os-proto.h"
#endif

#ifdef MSDOS
#include "pcap-dos.h"
#endif

#include "pcap-int.h"

#ifdef HAVE_DAG_API
#include <dagnew.h>
#include <dagapi.h>
#endif

int 
pcap_not_initialized(pcap_t *pcap)
{
      /* this means 'not initialized' */
      return PCAP_ERROR_NOT_ACTIVATED;
}

/*
 * Returns 1 if rfmon mode can be set on the pcap_t, 0 if it can't,
 * a PCAP_ERROR value on an error.
 */
int
pcap_can_set_rfmon(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->can_set_rfmon_op(p));
}

/*
 * For systems where rfmon mode is never supported.
 */
static int
pcap_cant_set_rfmon(pcap_t *p _U_)
{
      return (0);
}

pcap_t *
pcap_create_common(const char *source, char *ebuf)
{
      pcap_t *p;

      p = malloc(sizeof(*p));
      if (p == NULL) {
            snprintf(ebuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "malloc: %s",
                pcap_strerror(errno));
            return (NULL);
      }
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
#ifndef WIN32
      p->fd = -1; /* not opened yet */
#endif 

      p->opt.source = strdup(source);
      if (p->opt.source == NULL) {
            snprintf(ebuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "malloc: %s",
                pcap_strerror(errno));
            free(p);
            return (NULL);
      }

      /*
       * Default to "can't set rfmon mode"; if it's supported by
       * a platform, it can set the op to its routine to check
       * whether a particular device supports it.
       */
      p->can_set_rfmon_op = pcap_cant_set_rfmon;

      /*
       * Some operations can be performed only on activated pcap_t's;
       * have those operations handled by a "not supported" handler
       * until the pcap_t is activated.
       */
      p->read_op = (read_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->inject_op = (inject_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->setfilter_op = (setfilter_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->setdirection_op = (setdirection_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->set_datalink_op = (set_datalink_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->getnonblock_op = (getnonblock_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->setnonblock_op = (setnonblock_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->stats_op = (stats_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
#ifdef WIN32
      p->setbuff_op = (setbuff_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->setmode_op = (setmode_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
      p->setmintocopy_op = (setmintocopy_op_t)pcap_not_initialized;
#endif
      p->cleanup_op = pcap_cleanup_live_common;

      /* put in some defaults*/
      pcap_set_timeout(p, 0);
      pcap_set_snaplen(p, 65535);   /* max packet size */
      p->opt.promisc = 0;
      p->opt.buffer_size = 0;
      return (p);
}

int
pcap_check_activated(pcap_t *p)
{
      if (p->activated) {
            snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "can't perform "
                  " operation on activated capture");
            return -1;
      }
      return 0;
}

int
pcap_set_snaplen(pcap_t *p, int snaplen)
{
      if (pcap_check_activated(p))
            return PCAP_ERROR_ACTIVATED;
      p->snapshot = snaplen;
      return 0;
}

int
pcap_set_promisc(pcap_t *p, int promisc)
{
      if (pcap_check_activated(p))
            return PCAP_ERROR_ACTIVATED;
      p->opt.promisc = promisc;
      return 0;
}

int
pcap_set_rfmon(pcap_t *p, int rfmon)
{
      if (pcap_check_activated(p))
            return PCAP_ERROR_ACTIVATED;
      p->opt.rfmon = rfmon;
      return 0;
}

int
pcap_set_timeout(pcap_t *p, int timeout_ms)
{
      if (pcap_check_activated(p))
            return PCAP_ERROR_ACTIVATED;
      p->md.timeout = timeout_ms;
      return 0;
}

int
pcap_set_buffer_size(pcap_t *p, int buffer_size)
{
      if (pcap_check_activated(p))
            return PCAP_ERROR_ACTIVATED;
      p->opt.buffer_size = buffer_size;
      return 0;
}

int
pcap_activate(pcap_t *p)
{
      int status;

      status = p->activate_op(p);
      if (status >= 0)
            p->activated = 1;
      return (status);
}

pcap_t *
pcap_open_live(const char *source, int snaplen, int promisc, int to_ms, char *errbuf)
{
      pcap_t *p;
      int status;

      p = pcap_create(source, errbuf);
      if (p == NULL)
            return (NULL);
      status = pcap_set_snaplen(p, snaplen);
      if (status < 0)
            goto fail;
      status = pcap_set_promisc(p, promisc);
      if (status < 0)
            goto fail;
      status = pcap_set_timeout(p, to_ms);
      if (status < 0)
            goto fail;
      /*
       * Mark this as opened with pcap_open_live(), so that, for
       * example, we show the full list of DLT_ values, rather
       * than just the ones that are compatible with capturing
       * when not in monitor mode.  That allows existing applications
       * to work the way they used to work, but allows new applications
       * that know about the new open API to, for example, find out the
       * DLT_ values that they can select without changing whether
       * the adapter is in monitor mode or not.
       */
      p->oldstyle = 1;
      status = pcap_activate(p);
      if (status < 0)
            goto fail;
      return (p);
fail:
      if (status == PCAP_ERROR || status == PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE ||
          status == PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED)
            strlcpy(errbuf, p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE);
      else
            snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "%s: %s", source,
                pcap_statustostr(status));
      pcap_close(p);
      return (NULL);
}

int
pcap_dispatch(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{
      return p->read_op(p, cnt, callback, user);
}

/*
 * XXX - is this necessary?
 */
int
pcap_read(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{

      return p->read_op(p, cnt, callback, user);
}

int
pcap_loop(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{
      register int n;

      for (;;) {
            if (p->sf.rfile != NULL) {
                  /*
                   * 0 means EOF, so don't loop if we get 0.
                   */
                  n = pcap_offline_read(p, cnt, callback, user);
            } else {
                  /*
                   * XXX keep reading until we get something
                   * (or an error occurs)
                   */
                  do {
                        n = p->read_op(p, cnt, callback, user);
                  } while (n == 0);
            }
            if (n <= 0)
                  return (n);
            if (cnt > 0) {
                  cnt -= n;
                  if (cnt <= 0)
                        return (0);
            }
      }
}

00315 struct singleton {
      struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr;
      const u_char *pkt;
};


static void
pcap_oneshot(u_char *userData, const struct pcap_pkthdr *h, const u_char *pkt)
{
      struct singleton *sp = (struct singleton *)userData;
      *sp->hdr = *h;
      sp->pkt = pkt;
}

const u_char *
pcap_next(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_pkthdr *h)
{
      struct singleton s;

      s.hdr = h;
      if (pcap_dispatch(p, 1, pcap_oneshot, (u_char*)&s) <= 0)
            return (0);
      return (s.pkt);
}

00340 struct pkt_for_fakecallback {
      struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr;
      const u_char **pkt;
};

static void
pcap_fakecallback(u_char *userData, const struct pcap_pkthdr *h,
    const u_char *pkt)
{
      struct pkt_for_fakecallback *sp = (struct pkt_for_fakecallback *)userData;

      *sp->hdr = *h;
      *sp->pkt = pkt;
}

int 
pcap_next_ex(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_pkthdr **pkt_header,
    const u_char **pkt_data)
{
      struct pkt_for_fakecallback s;

      s.hdr = &p->pcap_header;
      s.pkt = pkt_data;

      /* Saves a pointer to the packet headers */
      *pkt_header= &p->pcap_header;

      if (p->sf.rfile != NULL) {
            int status;

            /* We are on an offline capture */
            status = pcap_offline_read(p, 1, pcap_fakecallback,
                (u_char *)&s);

            /*
             * Return codes for pcap_offline_read() are:
             *   -  0: EOF
             *   - -1: error
             *   - >1: OK
             * The first one ('0') conflicts with the return code of
             * 0 from pcap_read() meaning "no packets arrived before
             * the timeout expired", so we map it to -2 so you can
             * distinguish between an EOF from a savefile and a
             * "no packets arrived before the timeout expired, try
             * again" from a live capture.
             */
            if (status == 0)
                  return (-2);
            else
                  return (status);
      }

      /*
       * Return codes for pcap_read() are:
       *   -  0: timeout
       *   - -1: error
       *   - -2: loop was broken out of with pcap_breakloop()
       *   - >1: OK
       * The first one ('0') conflicts with the return code of 0 from
       * pcap_offline_read() meaning "end of file".
      */
      return (p->read_op(p, 1, pcap_fakecallback, (u_char *)&s));
}

/*
 * Force the loop in "pcap_read()" or "pcap_read_offline()" to terminate.
 */
void
pcap_breakloop(pcap_t *p)
{
      p->break_loop = 1;
}

int
pcap_datalink(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->linktype);
}

int
pcap_datalink_ext(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->linktype_ext);
}

int
pcap_list_datalinks(pcap_t *p, int **dlt_buffer)
{
      if (p->dlt_count == 0) {
            /*
             * We couldn't fetch the list of DLTs, which means
             * this platform doesn't support changing the
             * DLT for an interface.  Return a list of DLTs
             * containing only the DLT this device supports.
             */
            *dlt_buffer = (int*)malloc(sizeof(**dlt_buffer));
            if (*dlt_buffer == NULL) {
                  (void)snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
                      "malloc: %s", pcap_strerror(errno));
                  return (-1);
            }
            **dlt_buffer = p->linktype;
            return (1);
      } else {
            *dlt_buffer = (int*)calloc(sizeof(**dlt_buffer), p->dlt_count);
            if (*dlt_buffer == NULL) {
                  (void)snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
                      "malloc: %s", pcap_strerror(errno));
                  return (-1);
            }
            (void)memcpy(*dlt_buffer, p->dlt_list,
                sizeof(**dlt_buffer) * p->dlt_count);
            return (p->dlt_count);
      }
}

/*
 * In Windows, you might have a library built with one version of the
 * C runtime library and an application built with another version of
 * the C runtime library, which means that the library might use one
 * version of malloc() and free() and the application might use another
 * version of malloc() and free().  If so, that means something
 * allocated by the library cannot be freed by the application, so we
 * need to have a pcap_free_datalinks() routine to free up the list
 * allocated by pcap_list_datalinks(), even though it's just a wrapper
 * around free().
 */
void
pcap_free_datalinks(int *dlt_list)
{
      free(dlt_list);
}

int
pcap_set_datalink(pcap_t *p, int dlt)
{
      int i;
      const char *dlt_name;

      if (p->dlt_count == 0 || p->set_datalink_op == NULL) {
            /*
             * We couldn't fetch the list of DLTs, or we don't
             * have a "set datalink" operation, which means
             * this platform doesn't support changing the
             * DLT for an interface.  Check whether the new
             * DLT is the one this interface supports.
             */
            if (p->linktype != dlt)
                  goto unsupported;

            /*
             * It is, so there's nothing we need to do here.
             */
            return (0);
      }
      for (i = 0; i < p->dlt_count; i++)
            if (p->dlt_list[i] == dlt)
                  break;
      if (i >= p->dlt_count)
            goto unsupported;
      if (p->dlt_count == 2 && p->dlt_list[0] == DLT_EN10MB &&
          dlt == DLT_DOCSIS) {
            /*
             * This is presumably an Ethernet device, as the first
             * link-layer type it offers is DLT_EN10MB, and the only
             * other type it offers is DLT_DOCSIS.  That means that
             * we can't tell the driver to supply DOCSIS link-layer
             * headers - we're just pretending that's what we're
             * getting, as, presumably, we're capturing on a dedicated
             * link to a Cisco Cable Modem Termination System, and
             * it's putting raw DOCSIS frames on the wire inside low-level
             * Ethernet framing.
             */
            p->linktype = dlt;
            return (0);
      }
      if (p->set_datalink_op(p, dlt) == -1)
            return (-1);
      p->linktype = dlt;
      return (0);

unsupported:
      dlt_name = pcap_datalink_val_to_name(dlt);
      if (dlt_name != NULL) {
            (void) snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
                "%s is not one of the DLTs supported by this device",
                dlt_name);
      } else {
            (void) snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
                "DLT %d is not one of the DLTs supported by this device",
                dlt);
      }
      return (-1);
}

00535 struct dlt_choice {
      const char *name;
      const char *description;
      int   dlt;
};

#define DLT_CHOICE(code, description) { #code, description, code }
#define DLT_CHOICE_SENTINEL { NULL, NULL, 0 }

static struct dlt_choice dlt_choices[] = {
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_NULL, "BSD loopback"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_EN10MB, "Ethernet"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802, "Token ring"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ARCNET, "BSD ARCNET"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SLIP, "SLIP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP, "PPP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_FDDI, "FDDI"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ATM_RFC1483, "RFC 1483 LLC-encapsulated ATM"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_RAW, "Raw IP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SLIP_BSDOS, "BSD/OS SLIP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_BSDOS, "BSD/OS PPP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ATM_CLIP, "Linux Classical IP-over-ATM"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_SERIAL, "PPP over serial"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_ETHER, "PPPoE"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL, "Symantec Firewall"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_C_HDLC, "Cisco HDLC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_11, "802.11"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_FRELAY, "Frame Relay"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LOOP, "OpenBSD loopback"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ENC, "OpenBSD encapsulated IP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LINUX_SLL, "Linux cooked"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LTALK, "Localtalk"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PFLOG, "OpenBSD pflog file"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PRISM_HEADER, "802.11 plus Prism header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IP_OVER_FC, "RFC 2625 IP-over-Fibre Channel"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SUNATM, "Sun raw ATM"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO, "802.11 plus radiotap header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ARCNET_LINUX, "Linux ARCNET"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_MLPPP, "Juniper Multi-Link PPP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_MLFR, "Juniper Multi-Link Frame Relay"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_ES, "Juniper Encryption Services PIC"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_GGSN, "Juniper GGSN PIC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_MFR, "Juniper FRF.16 Frame Relay"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_ATM2, "Juniper ATM2 PIC"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_SERVICES, "Juniper Advanced Services PIC"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_ATM1, "Juniper ATM1 PIC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_APPLE_IP_OVER_IEEE1394, "Apple IP-over-IEEE 1394"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_MTP2_WITH_PHDR, "SS7 MTP2 with Pseudo-header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_MTP2, "SS7 MTP2"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_MTP3, "SS7 MTP3"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SCCP, "SS7 SCCP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_DOCSIS, "DOCSIS"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LINUX_IRDA, "Linux IrDA"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO_AVS, "802.11 plus AVS radio information header"),
        DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_MONITOR, "Juniper Passive Monitor PIC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_PPPD, "PPP for pppd, with direction flag"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_PPPOE, "Juniper PPPoE"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_PPPOE_ATM, "Juniper PPPoE/ATM"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_GPRS_LLC, "GPRS LLC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_GPF_T, "GPF-T"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_GPF_F, "GPF-F"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_PIC_PEER, "Juniper PIC Peer"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ERF_ETH, "Ethernet with Endace ERF header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ERF_POS, "Packet-over-SONET with Endace ERF header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LINUX_LAPD, "Linux vISDN LAPD"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_ETHER, "Juniper Ethernet"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_PPP, "Juniper PPP"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_FRELAY, "Juniper Frame Relay"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_CHDLC, "Juniper C-HDLC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_MFR, "FRF.16 Frame Relay"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_VP, "Juniper Voice PIC"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_A429, "Arinc 429"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_A653_ICM, "Arinc 653 Interpartition Communication"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_USB, "USB"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4, "Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS, "IEEE 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_USB_LINUX, "USB with Linux header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_CAN20B, "Controller Area Network (CAN) v. 2.0B"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_15_4_LINUX, "IEEE 802.15.4 with Linux padding"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPI, "Per-Packet Information"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS_RADIO, "IEEE 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer plus radiotap header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_ISM, "Juniper Integrated Service Module"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_15_4, "IEEE 802.15.4"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SITA, "SITA pseudo-header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ERF, "Endace ERF header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_RAIF1, "Ethernet with u10 Networks pseudo-header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IPMB, "IPMB"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_JUNIPER_ST, "Juniper Secure Tunnel"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4_WITH_PHDR, "Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer plus pseudo-header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_AX25_KISS, "AX.25 with KISS header"),
      DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_15_4_NONASK_PHY, "IEEE 802.15.4 with non-ASK PHY data"),
      DLT_CHOICE_SENTINEL
};

/*
 * This array is designed for mapping upper and lower case letter
 * together for a case independent comparison.  The mappings are
 * based upon ascii character sequences.
 */
static const u_char charmap[] = {
      (u_char)'\000', (u_char)'\001', (u_char)'\002', (u_char)'\003',
      (u_char)'\004', (u_char)'\005', (u_char)'\006', (u_char)'\007',
      (u_char)'\010', (u_char)'\011', (u_char)'\012', (u_char)'\013',
      (u_char)'\014', (u_char)'\015', (u_char)'\016', (u_char)'\017',
      (u_char)'\020', (u_char)'\021', (u_char)'\022', (u_char)'\023',
      (u_char)'\024', (u_char)'\025', (u_char)'\026', (u_char)'\027',
      (u_char)'\030', (u_char)'\031', (u_char)'\032', (u_char)'\033',
      (u_char)'\034', (u_char)'\035', (u_char)'\036', (u_char)'\037',
      (u_char)'\040', (u_char)'\041', (u_char)'\042', (u_char)'\043',
      (u_char)'\044', (u_char)'\045', (u_char)'\046', (u_char)'\047',
      (u_char)'\050', (u_char)'\051', (u_char)'\052', (u_char)'\053',
      (u_char)'\054', (u_char)'\055', (u_char)'\056', (u_char)'\057',
      (u_char)'\060', (u_char)'\061', (u_char)'\062', (u_char)'\063',
      (u_char)'\064', (u_char)'\065', (u_char)'\066', (u_char)'\067',
      (u_char)'\070', (u_char)'\071', (u_char)'\072', (u_char)'\073',
      (u_char)'\074', (u_char)'\075', (u_char)'\076', (u_char)'\077',
      (u_char)'\100', (u_char)'\141', (u_char)'\142', (u_char)'\143',
      (u_char)'\144', (u_char)'\145', (u_char)'\146', (u_char)'\147',
      (u_char)'\150', (u_char)'\151', (u_char)'\152', (u_char)'\153',
      (u_char)'\154', (u_char)'\155', (u_char)'\156', (u_char)'\157',
      (u_char)'\160', (u_char)'\161', (u_char)'\162', (u_char)'\163',
      (u_char)'\164', (u_char)'\165', (u_char)'\166', (u_char)'\167',
      (u_char)'\170', (u_char)'\171', (u_char)'\172', (u_char)'\133',
      (u_char)'\134', (u_char)'\135', (u_char)'\136', (u_char)'\137',
      (u_char)'\140', (u_char)'\141', (u_char)'\142', (u_char)'\143',
      (u_char)'\144', (u_char)'\145', (u_char)'\146', (u_char)'\147',
      (u_char)'\150', (u_char)'\151', (u_char)'\152', (u_char)'\153',
      (u_char)'\154', (u_char)'\155', (u_char)'\156', (u_char)'\157',
      (u_char)'\160', (u_char)'\161', (u_char)'\162', (u_char)'\163',
      (u_char)'\164', (u_char)'\165', (u_char)'\166', (u_char)'\167',
      (u_char)'\170', (u_char)'\171', (u_char)'\172', (u_char)'\173',
      (u_char)'\174', (u_char)'\175', (u_char)'\176', (u_char)'\177',
      (u_char)'\200', (u_char)'\201', (u_char)'\202', (u_char)'\203',
      (u_char)'\204', (u_char)'\205', (u_char)'\206', (u_char)'\207',
      (u_char)'\210', (u_char)'\211', (u_char)'\212', (u_char)'\213',
      (u_char)'\214', (u_char)'\215', (u_char)'\216', (u_char)'\217',
      (u_char)'\220', (u_char)'\221', (u_char)'\222', (u_char)'\223',
      (u_char)'\224', (u_char)'\225', (u_char)'\226', (u_char)'\227',
      (u_char)'\230', (u_char)'\231', (u_char)'\232', (u_char)'\233',
      (u_char)'\234', (u_char)'\235', (u_char)'\236', (u_char)'\237',
      (u_char)'\240', (u_char)'\241', (u_char)'\242', (u_char)'\243',
      (u_char)'\244', (u_char)'\245', (u_char)'\246', (u_char)'\247',
      (u_char)'\250', (u_char)'\251', (u_char)'\252', (u_char)'\253',
      (u_char)'\254', (u_char)'\255', (u_char)'\256', (u_char)'\257',
      (u_char)'\260', (u_char)'\261', (u_char)'\262', (u_char)'\263',
      (u_char)'\264', (u_char)'\265', (u_char)'\266', (u_char)'\267',
      (u_char)'\270', (u_char)'\271', (u_char)'\272', (u_char)'\273',
      (u_char)'\274', (u_char)'\275', (u_char)'\276', (u_char)'\277',
      (u_char)'\300', (u_char)'\341', (u_char)'\342', (u_char)'\343',
      (u_char)'\344', (u_char)'\345', (u_char)'\346', (u_char)'\347',
      (u_char)'\350', (u_char)'\351', (u_char)'\352', (u_char)'\353',
      (u_char)'\354', (u_char)'\355', (u_char)'\356', (u_char)'\357',
      (u_char)'\360', (u_char)'\361', (u_char)'\362', (u_char)'\363',
      (u_char)'\364', (u_char)'\365', (u_char)'\366', (u_char)'\367',
      (u_char)'\370', (u_char)'\371', (u_char)'\372', (u_char)'\333',
      (u_char)'\334', (u_char)'\335', (u_char)'\336', (u_char)'\337',
      (u_char)'\340', (u_char)'\341', (u_char)'\342', (u_char)'\343',
      (u_char)'\344', (u_char)'\345', (u_char)'\346', (u_char)'\347',
      (u_char)'\350', (u_char)'\351', (u_char)'\352', (u_char)'\353',
      (u_char)'\354', (u_char)'\355', (u_char)'\356', (u_char)'\357',
      (u_char)'\360', (u_char)'\361', (u_char)'\362', (u_char)'\363',
      (u_char)'\364', (u_char)'\365', (u_char)'\366', (u_char)'\367',
      (u_char)'\370', (u_char)'\371', (u_char)'\372', (u_char)'\373',
      (u_char)'\374', (u_char)'\375', (u_char)'\376', (u_char)'\377',
};

int
pcap_strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2)
{
      register const u_char   *cm = charmap,
                        *us1 = (const u_char *)s1,
                        *us2 = (const u_char *)s2;

      while (cm[*us1] == cm[*us2++])
            if (*us1++ == '\0')
                  return(0);
      return (cm[*us1] - cm[*--us2]);
}

int
pcap_datalink_name_to_val(const char *name)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; dlt_choices[i].name != NULL; i++) {
            if (pcap_strcasecmp(dlt_choices[i].name + sizeof("DLT_") - 1,
                name) == 0)
                  return (dlt_choices[i].dlt);
      }
      return (-1);
}

const char *
pcap_datalink_val_to_name(int dlt)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; dlt_choices[i].name != NULL; i++) {
            if (dlt_choices[i].dlt == dlt)
                  return (dlt_choices[i].name + sizeof("DLT_") - 1);
      }
      return (NULL);
}

const char *
pcap_datalink_val_to_description(int dlt)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; dlt_choices[i].name != NULL; i++) {
            if (dlt_choices[i].dlt == dlt)
                  return (dlt_choices[i].description);
      }
      return (NULL);
}

int
pcap_snapshot(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->snapshot);
}

int
pcap_is_swapped(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->sf.swapped);
}

int
pcap_major_version(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->sf.version_major);
}

int
pcap_minor_version(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->sf.version_minor);
}

FILE *
pcap_file(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->sf.rfile);
}

int
pcap_fileno(pcap_t *p)
{
#ifndef WIN32
      return (p->fd);
#else
      if (p->adapter != NULL)
            return ((int)(DWORD)p->adapter->hFile);
      else
            return (-1);
#endif
}

#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
int
pcap_get_selectable_fd(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->selectable_fd);
}
#endif

void
pcap_perror(pcap_t *p, char *prefix)
{
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", prefix, p->errbuf);
}

char *
pcap_geterr(pcap_t *p)
{
      return (p->errbuf);
}

int
pcap_getnonblock(pcap_t *p, char *errbuf)
{
      return p->getnonblock_op(p, errbuf);
}

/*
 * Get the current non-blocking mode setting, under the assumption that
 * it's just the standard POSIX non-blocking flag.
 *
 * We don't look at "p->nonblock", in case somebody tweaked the FD
 * directly.
 */
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
int
pcap_getnonblock_fd(pcap_t *p, char *errbuf)
{
      int fdflags;

      fdflags = fcntl(p->fd, F_GETFL, 0);
      if (fdflags == -1) {
            snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "F_GETFL: %s",
                pcap_strerror(errno));
            return (-1);
      }
      if (fdflags & O_NONBLOCK)
            return (1);
      else
            return (0);
}
#endif

int
pcap_setnonblock(pcap_t *p, int nonblock, char *errbuf)
{
      return p->setnonblock_op(p, nonblock, errbuf);
}

#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
/*
 * Set non-blocking mode, under the assumption that it's just the
 * standard POSIX non-blocking flag.  (This can be called by the
 * per-platform non-blocking-mode routine if that routine also
 * needs to do some additional work.)
 */
int
pcap_setnonblock_fd(pcap_t *p, int nonblock, char *errbuf)
{
      int fdflags;

      fdflags = fcntl(p->fd, F_GETFL, 0);
      if (fdflags == -1) {
            snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "F_GETFL: %s",
                pcap_strerror(errno));
            return (-1);
      }
      if (nonblock)
            fdflags |= O_NONBLOCK;
      else
            fdflags &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
      if (fcntl(p->fd, F_SETFL, fdflags) == -1) {
            snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "F_SETFL: %s",
                pcap_strerror(errno));
            return (-1);
      }
      return (0);
}
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
/*
 * Generate a string for the last Win32-specific error (i.e. an error generated when 
 * calling a Win32 API).
 * For errors occurred during standard C calls, we still use pcap_strerror()
 */
char *
pcap_win32strerror(void)
{
      DWORD error;
      static char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE+1];
      int errlen;
      char *p;

      error = GetLastError();
      FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM, NULL, error, 0, errbuf,
          PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, NULL);

      /*
       * "FormatMessage()" "helpfully" sticks CR/LF at the end of the
       * message.  Get rid of it.
       */
      errlen = strlen(errbuf);
      if (errlen >= 2) {
            errbuf[errlen - 1] = '\0';
            errbuf[errlen - 2] = '\0';
      }
      p = strchr(errbuf, '\0');
      snprintf (p, sizeof(errbuf)-(p-errbuf), " (%lu)", error);
      return (errbuf);
}
#endif

/*
 * Generate error strings for PCAP_ERROR_ and PCAP_WARNING_ values.
 */
const char *
pcap_statustostr(int errnum)
{
      static char ebuf[15+10+1];

      switch (errnum) {

      case PCAP_WARNING:
            return("Generic warning");

      case PCAP_WARNING_PROMISC_NOTSUP:
            return ("That device doesn't support promiscuous mode");

      case PCAP_ERROR:
            return("Generic error");

      case PCAP_ERROR_BREAK:
            return("Loop terminated by pcap_breakloop");

      case PCAP_ERROR_NOT_ACTIVATED:
            return("The pcap_t has not been activated");

      case PCAP_ERROR_ACTIVATED:
            return ("The setting can't be changed after the pcap_t is activated");

      case PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE:
            return ("No such device exists");

      case PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP:
            return ("That device doesn't support monitor mode");

      case PCAP_ERROR_NOT_RFMON:
            return ("That operation is supported only in monitor mode");

      case PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED:
            return ("You don't have permission to capture on that device");

      case PCAP_ERROR_IFACE_NOT_UP:
            return ("That device is not up");
      }
      (void)snprintf(ebuf, sizeof ebuf, "Unknown error: %d", errnum);
      return(ebuf);
}

/*
 * Not all systems have strerror().
 */
const char *
pcap_strerror(int errnum)
{
#ifdef HAVE_STRERROR
      return (strerror(errnum));
#else
      extern int sys_nerr;
      extern const char *const sys_errlist[];
      static char ebuf[15+10+1];

      if ((unsigned int)errnum < sys_nerr)
            return ((char *)sys_errlist[errnum]);
      (void)snprintf(ebuf, sizeof ebuf, "Unknown error: %d", errnum);
      return(ebuf);
#endif
}

int
pcap_setfilter(pcap_t *p, struct bpf_program *fp)
{
      return p->setfilter_op(p, fp);
}

/*
 * Set direction flag, which controls whether we accept only incoming
 * packets, only outgoing packets, or both.
 * Note that, depending on the platform, some or all direction arguments
 * might not be supported.
 */
int
pcap_setdirection(pcap_t *p, pcap_direction_t d)
{
      if (p->setdirection_op == NULL) {
            snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
                "Setting direction is not implemented on this platform");
            return -1;
      } else
            return p->setdirection_op(p, d);
}

int
pcap_stats(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_stat *ps)
{
      return p->stats_op(p, ps);
}

static int
pcap_stats_dead(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_stat *ps _U_)
{
      snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
          "Statistics aren't available from a pcap_open_dead pcap_t");
      return (-1);
}

#ifdef WIN32
int
pcap_setbuff(pcap_t *p, int dim)
{
      return p->setbuff_op(p, dim);
}

static int
pcap_setbuff_dead(pcap_t *p, int dim)
{
      snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
          "The kernel buffer size cannot be set on a pcap_open_dead pcap_t");
      return (-1);
}

int
pcap_setmode(pcap_t *p, int mode)
{
      return p->setmode_op(p, mode);
}

static int
pcap_setmode_dead(pcap_t *p, int mode)
{
      snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
          "impossible to set mode on a pcap_open_dead pcap_t");
      return (-1);
}

int
pcap_setmintocopy(pcap_t *p, int size)
{
      return p->setmintocopy_op(p, size);
}

static int
pcap_setmintocopy_dead(pcap_t *p, int size)
{
      snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
          "The mintocopy parameter cannot be set on a pcap_open_dead pcap_t");
      return (-1);
}
#endif

/*
 * On some platforms, we need to clean up promiscuous or monitor mode
 * when we close a device - and we want that to happen even if the
 * application just exits without explicitl closing devices.
 * On those platforms, we need to register a "close all the pcaps"
 * routine to be called when we exit, and need to maintain a list of
 * pcaps that need to be closed to clean up modes.
 *
 * XXX - not thread-safe.
 */

/*
 * List of pcaps on which we've done something that needs to be
 * cleaned up.
 * If there are any such pcaps, we arrange to call "pcap_close_all()"
 * when we exit, and have it close all of them.
 */
static struct pcap *pcaps_to_close;

/*
 * TRUE if we've already called "atexit()" to cause "pcap_close_all()" to
 * be called on exit.
 */
static int did_atexit;

static void
pcap_close_all(void)
{
      struct pcap *handle;

      while ((handle = pcaps_to_close) != NULL)
            pcap_close(handle);
}

int
pcap_do_addexit(pcap_t *p)
{
      /*
       * If we haven't already done so, arrange to have
       * "pcap_close_all()" called when we exit.
       */
      if (!did_atexit) {
            if (atexit(pcap_close_all) == -1) {
                  /*
                   * "atexit()" failed; let our caller know.
                   */
                  strncpy(p->errbuf, "atexit failed",
                      PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE);
                  return (0);
            }
            did_atexit = 1;
      }
      return (1);
}

void
pcap_add_to_pcaps_to_close(pcap_t *p)
{
      p->md.next = pcaps_to_close;
      pcaps_to_close = p;
}

void
pcap_remove_from_pcaps_to_close(pcap_t *p)
{
      pcap_t *pc, *prevpc;

      for (pc = pcaps_to_close, prevpc = NULL; pc != NULL;
          prevpc = pc, pc = pc->md.next) {
            if (pc == p) {
                  /*
                   * Found it.  Remove it from the list.
                   */
                  if (prevpc == NULL) {
                        /*
                         * It was at the head of the list.
                         */
                        pcaps_to_close = pc->md.next;
                  } else {
                        /*
                         * It was in the middle of the list.
                         */
                        prevpc->md.next = pc->md.next;
                  }
                  break;
            }
      }
}

void
pcap_cleanup_live_common(pcap_t *p)
{
      if (p->buffer != NULL) {
            free(p->buffer);
            p->buffer = NULL;
      }
      if (p->dlt_list != NULL) {
            free(p->dlt_list);
            p->dlt_list = NULL;
            p->dlt_count = 0;
      }
      pcap_freecode(&p->fcode);
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
      if (p->fd >= 0) {
            close(p->fd);
            p->fd = -1;
      }
#endif
}

static void
pcap_cleanup_dead(pcap_t *p _U_)
{
      /* Nothing to do. */
}

pcap_t *
pcap_open_dead(int linktype, int snaplen)
{
      pcap_t *p;

      p = malloc(sizeof(*p));
      if (p == NULL)
            return NULL;
      memset (p, 0, sizeof(*p));
      p->snapshot = snaplen;
      p->linktype = linktype;
      p->stats_op = pcap_stats_dead;
#ifdef WIN32
      p->setbuff_op = pcap_setbuff_dead;
      p->setmode_op = pcap_setmode_dead;
      p->setmintocopy_op = pcap_setmintocopy_dead;
#endif
      p->cleanup_op = pcap_cleanup_dead;
      p->activated = 1;
      return p;
}

/*
 * API compatible with WinPcap's "send a packet" routine - returns -1
 * on error, 0 otherwise.
 *
 * XXX - what if we get a short write?
 */
int
pcap_sendpacket(pcap_t *p, const u_char *buf, int size)
{
      if (p->inject_op(p, buf, size) == -1)
            return (-1);
      return (0);
}

/*
 * API compatible with OpenBSD's "send a packet" routine - returns -1 on
 * error, number of bytes written otherwise.
 */
int
pcap_inject(pcap_t *p, const void *buf, size_t size)
{
      return (p->inject_op(p, buf, size));
}

void
pcap_close(pcap_t *p)
{
      if (p->opt.source != NULL)
            free(p->opt.source);
      p->cleanup_op(p);
      free(p);
}

/*
 * Given a BPF program, a pcap_pkthdr structure for a packet, and the raw
 * data for the packet, check whether the packet passes the filter.
 * Returns the return value of the filter program, which will be zero if
 * the packet doesn't pass and non-zero if the packet does pass.
 */
int
pcap_offline_filter(struct bpf_program *fp, const struct pcap_pkthdr *h,
    const u_char *pkt)
{
      struct bpf_insn *fcode = fp->bf_insns;

      if (fcode != NULL) 
            return (bpf_filter(fcode, pkt, h->len, h->caplen));
      else
            return (0);
}

/*
 * We make the version string static, and return a pointer to it, rather
 * than exporting the version string directly.  On at least some UNIXes,
 * if you import data from a shared library into an program, the data is
 * bound into the program binary, so if the string in the version of the
 * library with which the program was linked isn't the same as the
 * string in the version of the library with which the program is being
 * run, various undesirable things may happen (warnings, the string
 * being the one from the version of the library with which the program
 * was linked, or even weirder things, such as the string being the one
 * from the library but being truncated).
 */
#ifdef HAVE_VERSION_H
#include "version.h"
#else
static const char pcap_version_string[] = "libpcap version 0.9[.x]";
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
/*
 * XXX - it'd be nice if we could somehow generate the WinPcap and libpcap
 * version numbers when building WinPcap.  (It'd be nice to do so for
 * the packet.dll version number as well.)
 */
static const char wpcap_version_string[] = "4.0";
static const char pcap_version_string_fmt[] =
    "WinPcap version %s, based on %s";
static const char pcap_version_string_packet_dll_fmt[] =
    "WinPcap version %s (packet.dll version %s), based on %s";
static char *full_pcap_version_string;

const char *
pcap_lib_version(void)
{
      char *packet_version_string;
      size_t full_pcap_version_string_len;

      if (full_pcap_version_string == NULL) {
            /*
             * Generate the version string.
             */
            packet_version_string = PacketGetVersion();
            if (strcmp(wpcap_version_string, packet_version_string) == 0) {
                  /*
                   * WinPcap version string and packet.dll version
                   * string are the same; just report the WinPcap
                   * version.
                   */
                  full_pcap_version_string_len =
                      (sizeof pcap_version_string_fmt - 4) +
                      strlen(wpcap_version_string) +
                      strlen(pcap_version_string);
                  full_pcap_version_string =
                      malloc(full_pcap_version_string_len);
                  sprintf(full_pcap_version_string,
                      pcap_version_string_fmt, wpcap_version_string,
                      pcap_version_string);
            } else {
                  /*
                   * WinPcap version string and packet.dll version
                   * string are different; that shouldn't be the
                   * case (the two libraries should come from the
                   * same version of WinPcap), so we report both
                   * versions.
                   */
                  full_pcap_version_string_len =
                      (sizeof pcap_version_string_packet_dll_fmt - 6) +
                      strlen(wpcap_version_string) +
                      strlen(packet_version_string) +
                      strlen(pcap_version_string);
                  full_pcap_version_string = malloc(full_pcap_version_string_len);

                  sprintf(full_pcap_version_string,
                      pcap_version_string_packet_dll_fmt,
                      wpcap_version_string, packet_version_string,
                      pcap_version_string);
            }
      }
      return (full_pcap_version_string);
}

#elif defined(MSDOS)

static char *full_pcap_version_string;

const char *
pcap_lib_version (void)
{
      char *packet_version_string;
      size_t full_pcap_version_string_len;
      static char dospfx[] = "DOS-";

      if (full_pcap_version_string == NULL) {
            /*
             * Generate the version string.
             */
            full_pcap_version_string_len =
                sizeof dospfx + strlen(pcap_version_string);
            full_pcap_version_string =
                malloc(full_pcap_version_string_len);
            strcpy(full_pcap_version_string, dospfx);
            strcat(full_pcap_version_string, pcap_version_string);
      }
      return (full_pcap_version_string);
}

#else /* UN*X */

const char *
pcap_lib_version(void)
{
      return (pcap_version_string);
}
#endif

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