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ndiff.py

#!/usr/bin/env python

# Ndiff
#
# This programs reads two Nmap XML files and displays a list of their
# differences.
#
# Copyright 2008 Insecure.Com LLC
# Ndiff is distributed under the same license as Nmap. See the file COPYING or
# http://nmap.org/data/COPYING. See http://nmap.org/book/man-legal.html for more
# details.
#
# David Fifield
# based on a design by Michael Pattrick

import datetime
import difflib
import getopt
import sys
import time
import xml.sax
import xml.dom.minidom

verbose = False

NDIFF_XML_VERSION = u"1"

00028 class Scan(object):
    """A single Nmap scan, corresponding to a single invocation of Nmap. It is a
    container for a list of hosts. It also has utility methods to load itself
    from an Nmap XML file."""
    def __init__(self):
        self.version = None
        self.start_date = None
        self.end_date = None
        self.hosts = []

    def find_host(self, id):
        for host in self.hosts:
            if host.get_id() == id:
                return host
        else:
            return None

00045     def load(self, f):
        """Load a scan from the Nmap XML in the file-like object f."""
        parser = xml.sax.make_parser()
        handler = NmapContentHandler(self)
        parser.setContentHandler(handler)
        parser.parse(f)

00052     def load_from_file(self, filename):
        """Load a scan from the Nmap XML file with the given filename."""
        f = open(filename, "r")
        try:
            self.load(f)
        finally:
            f.close()

00060 class Host(object):
    """A single host, with a state, addresses, host names, a dict mapping port
    specs to Ports, and a list of OS matches. Host states are strings, or None
    for "unknown"."""
    def __init__(self):
        self.state = None
        self.addresses = []
        self.hostnames = []
        self.ports = {}
        self.extraports = {}
        self.os = []
        self.script_results = []

00073     def get_id(self):
        """Return an id that is used to determine if hosts are "the same" across
        scans."""
        if len(self.addresses) > 0:
            return str(sorted(self.addresses)[0])
        if len(self.hostnames) > 0:
            return str(sorted(self.hostnames)[0])
        return id(self)

00082     def format_name(self):
        """Return a human-readable identifier for this host."""
        address_s = u", ".join(a.s for a in sorted(self.addresses))
        hostname_s = u", ".join(sorted(self.hostnames))
        if len(hostname_s) > 0:
            if len(address_s) > 0:
                return u"%s (%s)" % (hostname_s, address_s)
            else:
                return hostname_s
        elif len(address_s) > 0:
            return address_s
        else:
            return u"<no name>"

    def add_port(self, port):
        self.ports[port.spec] = port

    def add_address(self, address):
        if address not in self.addresses:
            self.addresses.append(address)

    def add_hostname(self, hostname):
        if hostname not in self.hostnames:
            self.hostnames.append(hostname)

    def is_extraports(self, state):
        return state is None or state in self.extraports

    def extraports_string(self):
        list = [(count, state) for (state, count) in self.extraports.items()]
        # Reverse-sort by count.
        list.sort(reverse = True)
        return u", ".join([u"%d %s ports" % (count, state) for (count, state) in list])

    def state_to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        if self.state is not None:
            elem = document.createElement(u"status")
            elem.setAttribute(u"state", self.state)
            frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

    def hostname_to_dom_fragment(self, document, hostname):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"hostname")
        elem.setAttribute(u"name", hostname)
        frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

    def extraports_to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        for state, count in self.extraports.items():
            elem = document.createElement(u"extraports")
            elem.setAttribute(u"state", state)
            elem.setAttribute(u"count", unicode(count))
            frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

    def os_to_dom_fragment(self, document, os):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"osmatch")
        elem.setAttribute(u"name", os)
        frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"host")

        if self.state is not None:
            elem.appendChild(self.state_to_dom_fragment(document))

        for addr in self.addresses:
            elem.appendChild(addr.to_dom_fragment(document))

        if len(self.hostnames) > 0:
            hostnames_elem = document.createElement(u"hostnames")
            for hostname in self.hostnames:
                hostnames_elem.appendChild(self.hostname_to_dom_fragment(document, hostname))
            elem.appendChild(hostnames_elem)

        ports_elem = document.createElement(u"ports")
        ports_elem.appendChild(self.extraports_to_dom_fragment(document))
        for port in sorted(self.ports.values()):
            if not self.is_extraports(port.state):
                ports_elem.appendChild(port.to_dom_fragment(document))
        if ports_elem.hasChildNodes():
            elem.appendChild(ports_elem)

        if len(self.os) > 0:
            os_elem = document.createElement(u"os")
            for os in self.os:
                os_elem.appendChild(self.os_to_dom_fragment(document, os))
            elem.appendChild(os_elem)

        if len(self.script_results) > 0:
            hostscript_elem = document.createElement(u"hostscript")
            for sr in self.script_results:
                hostscript_elem.appendChild(sr.to_dom_fragment(document))
            elem.appendChild(hostscript_elem)

        frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

00186 class Address(object):
    def __init__(self, s):
        self.s = s

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.__cmp__(other) == 0

    def __ne__(self, other):
        return not self.__eq__(other)

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash(self.sort_key())

    def __cmp__(self, other):
        return cmp(self.sort_key(), other.sort_key())

    def __str__(self):
        return str(self.s)

    def __unicode__(self):
        return self.s

    def new(type, s):
        if type == u"ipv4":
            return IPv4Address(s)
        elif type == u"ipv6":
            return IPv6Address(s)
        elif type == u"mac":
            return MACAddress(s)
        else:
            raise ValueError(u"Unknown address type %s." % type)
    new = staticmethod(new)

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"address")
        elem.setAttribute(u"addr", self.s)
        elem.setAttribute(u"addrtype", self.type)
        frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

# The sort_key method in the Address subclasses determines the order in which
# addresses are displayed. We do IPv4, then IPV6, then MAC.

00230 class IPv4Address(Address):
    type = property(lambda self: u"ipv4")
    def sort_key(self):
        return (0, self.s)

00235 class IPv6Address(Address):
    type = property(lambda self: u"ipv6")
    def sort_key(self):
        return (1, self.s)

00240 class MACAddress(Address):
    type = property(lambda self: u"mac")
    def sort_key(self):
        return (2, self.s)

00245 class Port(object):
    """A single port, consisting of a port specification, a state, and a service
    version. A specification, or "spec," is the 2-tuple (number, protocol). So
    (10, "tcp") corresponds to the port 10/tcp. Port states are strings, or None
    for "unknown"."""
    def __init__(self, spec, state = None):
        self.spec = spec
        self.state = state
        self.service = Service()
        self.script_results = []

    def state_string(self):
        if self.state is None:
            return u"unknown"
        else:
            return unicode(self.state)

    def spec_string(self):
        return u"%d/%s" % self.spec

    def __cmp__(self, other):
        d = cmp(self.spec, other.spec)
        if d != 0:
            return d
        return cmp((self.spec, self.service, self.script_results),
            (other.spec, other.service, other.script_results))

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"port")
        elem.setAttribute(u"portid", unicode(self.spec[0]))
        elem.setAttribute(u"protocol", self.spec[1])
        if self.state is not None:
            state_elem = document.createElement(u"state")
            state_elem.setAttribute(u"state", self.state)
            elem.appendChild(state_elem)
        elem.appendChild(self.service.to_dom_fragment(document))
        for sr in self.script_results:
            elem.appendChild(sr.to_dom_fragment(document))
        frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

00287 class Service(object):
    """A service version as determined by -sV scan. Also contains the looked-up
    port name if -sV wasn't used."""
    def __init__(self):
        self.name = None
        self.product = None
        self.version = None
        self.extrainfo = None
        self.tunnel = None

        # self.hostname = None
        # self.ostype = None
        # self.devicetype = None

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.name == other.name \
            and self.product == other.product \
            and self.version == other.version \
            and self.extrainfo == other.extrainfo

    def __ne__(self, other):
        return not self.__eq__(other)

    def name_string(self):
        parts = []
        if self.tunnel is not None:
            parts.append(self.tunnel)
        if self.name is not None:
            parts.append(self.name)

        if len(parts) == 0:
            return None
        else:
            return u"/".join(parts)

00322     def version_string(self):
        """Get a string like in the VERSION column of Nmap output."""
        parts = []
        if self.product is not None:
            parts.append(self.product)
        if self.version is not None:
            parts.append(self.version)
        if self.extrainfo is not None:
            parts.append(u"(%s)" % self.extrainfo)

        if len(parts) == 0:
            return None
        else:
            return u" ".join(parts)

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"service")
        for attr in (u"name", u"product", u"version", u"extrainfo", u"tunnel"):
            v = getattr(self, attr)
            if v is None:
                continue
            elem.setAttribute(attr, v)
        if len(elem.attributes) > 0:
            frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

00349 class ScriptResult(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.id = None
        self.output = None

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.id == other.id and self.output == other.output

    def __ne__(self, other):
        return not self.__eq__(other)

    def __cmp__(self, other):
        return cmp((self.id, self.output), (other.id, other.output))

    def get_lines(self):
        result = []
        lines = self.output.splitlines()
        if len(lines) > 0:
            lines[0] = self.id + u": " + lines[0]
        for line in lines[:-1]:
            result.append(u"|  " + line)
        if len(lines) > 0:
            result.append(u"|_ " + lines[-1])
        return result

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        elem = document.createElement(u"script")
        elem.setAttribute(u"id", self.id)
        elem.setAttribute(u"output", self.output)
        frag.appendChild(elem)
        return frag

def format_banner(scan):
    """Format a startup banner more or less like Nmap does."""
    parts = [u"Nmap"]
    if scan.version is not None:
        parts.append(scan.version)
    if scan.start_date is not None:
        parts.append(u"at %s" % scan.start_date.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M"))
    return u" ".join(parts)

00391 class ScanDiff(object):
    """A complete diff of two scans. It is a container for two scans and a dict
    mapping hosts to HostDiffs."""
00394     def __init__(self, scan_a, scan_b):
        """Create a ScanDiff from the "before" scan_a and the "after" scan_b."""
        self.scan_a = scan_a
        self.scan_b = scan_b
        self.hosts = []
        self.host_diffs = {}

        self.diff()

    def diff(self):
        a_ids = [h.get_id() for h in self.scan_a.hosts]
        b_ids = [h.get_id() for h in self.scan_b.hosts]
        for id in sorted(set(a_ids).union(set(b_ids))):
            # Currently we never consider diffing hosts with a different id
            # (address or host name), which could lead to better diffs.
            host_a = self.scan_a.find_host(id)
            host_b = self.scan_b.find_host(id)
            h_diff = HostDiff(host_a or Host(), host_b or Host())
            if h_diff.cost > 0 or verbose:
                host = host_a or host_b
                self.hosts.append(host)
                self.host_diffs[host] = h_diff

00417     def print_text(self, f = sys.stdout):
        """Print this diff in a human-readable text form."""
        banner_a = format_banner(self.scan_a)
        banner_b = format_banner(self.scan_b)
        if banner_a != banner_b:
            print >> f, u"-%s" % banner_a
            print >> f, u"+%s" % banner_b
        else:
            print >> f, u" %s" % banner_a

        for host in self.hosts:
            print

            h_diff = self.host_diffs[host]
            h_diff.print_text(f)

    def print_xml(self, f = sys.stdout):
        impl = xml.dom.minidom.getDOMImplementation()
        document = impl.createDocument(None, u"nmapdiff", None)
        root = document.documentElement
        root.setAttribute(u"version", NDIFF_XML_VERSION)
        scandiff_elem = document.createElement(u"scandiff")
        root.appendChild(scandiff_elem)

        for host in self.hosts:
            h_diff = self.host_diffs[host]
            frag = h_diff.to_dom_fragment(document)
            scandiff_elem.appendChild(frag)

        document.writexml(f, addindent = u"  ", newl = u"\n", encoding = "UTF-8")
        document.unlink()

    cost = property(lambda self: sum([hd.cost for hd in self.host_diffs.values()]))

00451 class HostDiff(object):
    """A diff of two Hosts. It contains the two hosts, variables describing what
    changed, and a list of PortDiffs and OS differences."""
    def __init__(self, host_a, host_b):
        self.host_a = host_a
        self.host_b = host_b
        self.state_changed = False
        self.id_changed = False
        self.os_changed = False
        self.extraports_changed = False
        self.ports = []
        self.port_diffs = {}
        self.os_diffs = []
        self.script_result_diffs = []
        self.cost = 0

        self.diff()

    def diff(self):
        if self.host_a.state != self.host_b.state:
            self.state_changed = True
            self.cost += 1

        if set(self.host_a.addresses) != set(self.host_b.addresses) \
           or set(self.host_a.hostnames) != set(self.host_b.hostnames):
            self.id_changed = True
            self.cost += 1

        all_specs = list(set(self.host_a.ports.keys()).union(set(self.host_b.ports.keys())))
        all_specs.sort()
        for spec in all_specs:
            # Currently we only compare ports with the same spec. This ignores
            # the possibility that a service is moved lock, stock, and barrel to
            # another port.
            port_a = self.host_a.ports.get(spec)
            port_b = self.host_b.ports.get(spec)
            diff = PortDiff(port_a or Port(spec), port_b or Port(spec))
            if self.include_diff(diff):
                port = port_a or port_b
                self.ports.append(port)
                self.port_diffs[port] = diff
                self.cost += diff.cost

        os_diffs = difflib.SequenceMatcher(None, self.host_a.os, self.host_b.os)
        self.os_diffs = os_diffs.get_opcodes()
        os_cost = len([x for x in self.os_diffs if x[0] != "equal"])
        if os_cost > 0:
            self.os_changed = True
        self.cost += os_cost

        extraports_a = tuple((count, state) for (state, count) in self.host_a.extraports.items())
        extraports_b = tuple((count, state) for (state, count) in self.host_b.extraports.items())
        if extraports_a != extraports_b:
            self.extraports_changed = True
            self.cost += 1

        self.script_result_diffs = ScriptResultDiff.diff_lists(self.host_a.script_results, self.host_b.script_results)
        self.cost += len(self.script_result_diffs)

    def include_diff(self, diff):
        # Don't include the diff if the states are only extraports. Include all
        # diffs, even those with cost == 0, in verbose mode.
        if self.host_a.is_extraports(diff.port_a.state) and \
           self.host_b.is_extraports(diff.port_b.state):
            return False
        elif verbose:
            return True
        return diff.cost > 0

    def print_text(self, f = sys.stdout):
        host_a = self.host_a
        host_b = self.host_b

        # Names and addresses.
        if self.id_changed:
            if host_a.state is not None:
                print >> f, u"-%s:" % host_a.format_name()
            if self.host_b.state is not None:
                print >> f, u"+%s:" % host_b.format_name()
        else:
            print >> f, u" %s:" % host_a.format_name()

        # State.
        if self.state_changed:
            if host_a.state is not None:
                print >> f, u"-Host is %s." % host_a.state
            if host_b.state is not None:
                print >> f, u"+Host is %s." % host_b.state
        elif verbose:
            print >> f, u" Host is %s." % host_b.state

        # Extraports.
        if self.extraports_changed:
            if len(host_a.extraports) > 0:
                print >> f, u"-Not shown: %s" % host_a.extraports_string()
            if len(host_b.extraports) > 0:
                print >> f, u"+Not shown: %s" % host_b.extraports_string()
        elif verbose:
            if len(host_a.extraports) > 0:
                print >> f, u" Not shown: %s" % host_a.extraports_string()

        # Port table.
        port_table = Table(u"** * * *")
        if host_a.state is None:
            mark = u"+"
        elif host_b.state is None:
            mark = u"-"
        else:
            mark = u" "
        port_table.append((mark, u"PORT", u"STATE", u"SERVICE", u"VERSION"))

        for port in self.ports:
            port_diff = self.port_diffs[port]
            port_diff.append_to_port_table(port_table, host_a, host_b)

        if len(port_table) > 1:
            print >> f, port_table

        # OS changes.
        if self.os_changed or verbose:
            if len(host_a.os) > 0:
                if len(host_b.os) > 0:
                    print >> f, u" OS details:"
                else:
                    print >> f, u"-OS details:"
            elif len(host_b.os) > 0:
                print >> f, u"+OS details:"
            # os_diffs is a list of 5-tuples returned by difflib.SequenceMatcher.
            for op, i1, i2, j1, j2 in self.os_diffs:
                if op == "replace" or op == "delete":
                    for i in range(i1, i2):
                        print >> f, "-  %s" % host_a.os[i]
                if op == "replace" or op == "insert":
                    for i in range(j1, j2):
                        print >> f, "+  %s" % host_b.os[i]
                if op == "equal":
                    for i in range(i1, i2):
                        print >> f, "   %s" % host_a.os[i]

        table = Table(u"*")
        for sr_diff in self.script_result_diffs:
            sr_diff.append_to_port_table(table)
        if len(table) > 0:
            print >> f
            if len(host_b.script_results) == 0:
                print >> f, u"-Host script results:"
            elif len(host_a.script_results) == 0:
                print >> f, u"+Host script results:"
            else:
                print >> f, u" Host script results:"
            print >> f, table

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        host_a = self.host_a
        host_b = self.host_b

        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        hostdiff_elem = document.createElement(u"hostdiff")
        frag.appendChild(hostdiff_elem)

        if host_a.state is None or host_b.state is None:
            # The host is missing in one scan. Output the whole thing.
            if host_a.state is not None:
                a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
                a_elem.appendChild(host_a.to_dom_fragment(document))
                hostdiff_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
            elif host_b.state is not None:
                b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
                b_elem.appendChild(host_b.to_dom_fragment(document))
                hostdiff_elem.appendChild(b_elem)
            return frag

        host_elem = document.createElement(u"host")

        # State.
        if host_a.state == host_b.state:
            if verbose:
                host_elem.appendChild(host_a.state_to_dom_fragment(document))
        else:
            a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
            a_elem.appendChild(host_a.state_to_dom_fragment(document))
            host_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
            b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
            b_elem.appendChild(host_b.state_to_dom_fragment(document))
            host_elem.appendChild(b_elem)

        # Addresses.
        addrset_a = set(host_a.addresses)
        addrset_b = set(host_b.addresses)
        for addr in sorted(addrset_a.intersection(addrset_b)):
            host_elem.appendChild(addr.to_dom_fragment(document))
        a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
        for addr in sorted(addrset_a - addrset_b):
            a_elem.appendChild(addr.to_dom_fragment(document))
        if a_elem.hasChildNodes():
            host_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
        b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
        for addr in sorted(addrset_b - addrset_a):
            b_elem.appendChild(addr.to_dom_fragment(document))
        if b_elem.hasChildNodes():
            host_elem.appendChild(b_elem)

        # Host names.
        hostnames_elem = document.createElement(u"hostnames")
        hostnameset_a = set(host_a.hostnames)
        hostnameset_b = set(host_b.hostnames)
        for hostname in sorted(hostnameset_a.intersection(hostnameset_b)):
            hostnames_elem.appendChild(host_a.hostname_to_dom_fragment(document, hostname))
        a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
        for hostname in sorted(hostnameset_a - hostnameset_b):
            a_elem.appendChild(host_a.hostname_to_dom_fragment(document, hostname))
        if a_elem.hasChildNodes():
            hostnames_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
        b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
        for hostname in sorted(hostnameset_b - hostnameset_a):
            b_elem.appendChild(host_b.hostname_to_dom_fragment(document, hostname))
        if b_elem.hasChildNodes():
            hostnames_elem.appendChild(b_elem)
        if hostnames_elem.hasChildNodes():
            host_elem.appendChild(hostnames_elem)

        ports_elem = document.createElement(u"ports")
        # Extraports.
        if host_a.extraports == host_b.extraports:
            ports_elem.appendChild(host_a.extraports_to_dom_fragment(document))
        else:
            a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
            a_elem.appendChild(host_a.extraports_to_dom_fragment(document))
            ports_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
            b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
            b_elem.appendChild(host_b.extraports_to_dom_fragment(document))
            ports_elem.appendChild(b_elem)
        # Port list.
        for port in self.ports:
            p_diff = self.port_diffs[port]
            if p_diff.cost == 0:
                if verbose:
                    ports_elem.appendChild(port.to_dom_fragment(document))
            else:
                ports_elem.appendChild(p_diff.to_dom_fragment(document))
        if ports_elem.hasChildNodes():
            host_elem.appendChild(ports_elem)

        # OS changes.
        if self.os_changed or verbose:
            os_elem = document.createElement(u"os")
            # os_diffs is a list of 5-tuples returned by difflib.SequenceMatcher.
            for op, i1, i2, j1, j2 in self.os_diffs:
                if op == "replace" or op == "delete":
                    a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
                    for i in range(i1, i2):
                        a_elem.appendChild(host_a.os_to_dom_fragment(document, host_a.os[i]))
                    os_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
                if op == "replace" or op == "insert":
                    b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
                    for i in range(j1, j2):
                        b_elem.appendChild(host_b.os_to_dom_fragment(document, host_b.os[i]))
                    os_elem.appendChild(b_elem)
                if op == "equal":
                    for i in range(i1, i2):
                        os_elem.appendChild(host_a.os_to_dom_fragment(document, host_a.os[i]))
            if os_elem.hasChildNodes():
                host_elem.appendChild(os_elem)

        # Host script changes.
        if len(self.script_result_diffs) > 0 or verbose:
            hostscript_elem = document.createElement(u"hostscript")
            if len(host_a.script_results) == 0 and len(host_b.script_results) == 0:
                pass
            elif len(host_b.script_results) == 0:
                a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
                for sr in host_a.script_results:
                    a_elem.appendChild(sr.to_dom_fragment(document))
                a_elem.appendChild(hostscript_elem)
                host_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
            elif len(host_a.script_results) == 0:
                b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
                for sr in host_b.script_results:
                    b_elem.appendChild(sr.to_dom_fragment(document))
                b_elem.appendChild(hostscript_elem)
                host_elem.appendChild(b_elem)
            else:
                for sr_diff in self.script_result_diffs:
                    hostscript_elem.appendChild(sr_diff.to_dom_fragment(document))
                host_elem.appendChild(hostscript_elem)

        hostdiff_elem.appendChild(host_elem)

        return frag

00741 class PortDiff(object):
    """A diff of two Ports. It contains the two ports and the cost of changing
    one into the other. If the cost is 0 then the two ports are the same."""
    def __init__(self, port_a, port_b):
        self.port_a = port_a
        self.port_b = port_b
        self.script_result_diffs = []
        self.cost = 0

        self.diff()

    def diff(self):
        if self.port_a.spec != self.port_b.spec:
            self.cost += 1

        if self.port_a.state != self.port_b.state:
            self.cost += 1

        if self.port_a.service != self.port_b.service:
            self.cost += 1

        self.script_result_diffs = ScriptResultDiff.diff_lists(self.port_a.script_results, self.port_b.script_results)
        self.cost += len(self.script_result_diffs)

    # PortDiffs are inserted into a Table and then printed, not printed out
    # directly. That's why this class has append_to_port_table instead of
    # print_text.
00768     def append_to_port_table(self, table, host_a, host_b):
        """Append this port diff to a Table containing five columns:
            +- PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION
        The "+-" stands for the diff indicator column."""
        a_columns = [self.port_a.spec_string(),
            self.port_a.state_string(),
            self.port_a.service.name_string(),
            self.port_a.service.version_string()]
        b_columns = [self.port_b.spec_string(),
            self.port_b.state_string(),
            self.port_b.service.name_string(),
            self.port_b.service.version_string()]
        if a_columns == b_columns:
            if verbose or self.script_result_diffs > 0:
                table.append([u" "] + a_columns)
        else:
            if not host_a.is_extraports(self.port_a.state):
                table.append([u"-"] + a_columns)
            if not host_b.is_extraports(self.port_b.state):
                table.append([u"+"] + b_columns)

        for sr_diff in self.script_result_diffs:
            sr_diff.append_to_port_table(table)

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        portdiff_elem = document.createElement(u"portdiff")
        frag.appendChild(portdiff_elem)
        if self.port_a.spec == self.port_b.spec and self.port_a.state == self.port_b.state:
            port_elem = document.createElement(u"port")
            port_elem.setAttribute(u"portid", unicode(self.port_a.spec[0]))
            port_elem.setAttribute(u"protocol", self.port_a.spec[1])
            if self.port_a.state is not None:
                state_elem = document.createElement(u"state")
                state_elem.setAttribute(u"state", self.port_a.state)
                port_elem.appendChild(state_elem)
            if self.port_a.service == self.port_b.service:
                port_elem.appendChild(self.port_a.service.to_dom_fragment(document))
            else:
                a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
                a_elem.appendChild(self.port_a.service.to_dom_fragment(document))
                port_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
                b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
                b_elem.appendChild(self.port_b.service.to_dom_fragment(document))
                port_elem.appendChild(b_elem)
            for sr_diff in self.script_result_diffs:
                port_elem.appendChild(sr_diff.to_dom_fragment(document))
            portdiff_elem.appendChild(port_elem)
        else:
            a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
            a_elem.appendChild(self.port_a.to_dom_fragment(document))
            portdiff_elem.appendChild(a_elem)
            b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
            b_elem.appendChild(self.port_b.to_dom_fragment(document))
            portdiff_elem.appendChild(b_elem)

        return frag

00826 class ScriptResultDiff(object):
00827     def __init__(self, sr_a, sr_b):
        """One of sr_a and sr_b may be None."""
        self.sr_a = sr_a
        self.sr_b = sr_b

00832     def diff_lists(a, b):
        """Return a list of ScriptResultDiffs from two sorted lists of
        ScriptResults."""
        diffs = []
        i = 0
        j = 0
        # This algorithm is like a merge of sorted lists.
        while i < len(a) and j < len(b):
            if a[i].id < b[j].id:
                diffs.append(ScriptResultDiff(a[i], None))
                i += 1
            elif a[i].id > b[j].id:
                diffs.append(ScriptResultDiff(None, b[j]))
                j += 1
            else:
                if a[i].output != b[j].output or verbose:
                    diffs.append(ScriptResultDiff(a[i], b[j]))
                i += 1
                j += 1
        while i < len(a):
            diffs.append(ScriptResultDiff(a[i], None))
            i += 1
        while j < len(b):
            diffs.append(ScriptResultDiff(None, b[j]))
            j += 1
        return diffs
    diff_lists = staticmethod(diff_lists)

    # Script result diffs are appended to a port table rather than being printed
    # directly, so append_to_port_table exists instead of print_text.
    def append_to_port_table(self, table):
        a_lines = []
        b_lines = []
        if self.sr_a is not None:
            a_lines = self.sr_a.get_lines()
        if self.sr_b is not None:
            b_lines = self.sr_b.get_lines()
        if a_lines != b_lines or verbose:
            diffs = difflib.SequenceMatcher(None, a_lines, b_lines)
            for op, i1, i2, j1, j2 in diffs.get_opcodes():
                if op == "replace" or op == "delete":
                    for k in range(i1, i2):
                        table.append_raw(u"-" + a_lines[k])
                if op == "replace" or op == "insert":
                    for k in range(j1, j2):
                        table.append_raw(u"+" + b_lines[k])
                if op == "equal":
                    for k in range(i1, i2):
                        table.append_raw(u" " + a_lines[k])

    def to_dom_fragment(self, document):
        frag = document.createDocumentFragment()
        if self.sr_a is not None and self.sr_b is not None and self.sr_a == self.sr_b:
            frag.appendChild(self.sr_a.to_dom_fragment(document))
        else:
            if self.sr_a is not None:
                a_elem = document.createElement(u"a")
                a_elem.appendChild(self.sr_a.to_dom_fragment(document))
                frag.appendChild(a_elem)
            if self.sr_b is not None:
                b_elem = document.createElement(u"b")
                b_elem.appendChild(self.sr_b.to_dom_fragment(document))
                frag.appendChild(b_elem)
        return frag

00897 class Table(object):
    """A table of character data, like NmapOutputTable."""
00899     def __init__(self, template):
        """template is a string consisting of "*" and other characters. Each "*"
        is a left-justified space-padded field. All other characters are copied
        to the output."""
        self.widths = []
        self.rows = []
        self.prefix = u""
        self.padding = []
        j = 0
        while j < len(template) and template[j] != "*":
            j += 1
        self.prefix = template[:j]
        j += 1
        i = j
        while j < len(template):
            while j < len(template) and template[j] != "*":
                j += 1
            self.padding.append(template[i:j])
            j += 1
            i = j

    def append(self, row):
        strings = []

        row = list(row)
        # Remove trailing Nones.
        while len(row) > 0 and row[-1] is None:
            row.pop()

        for i in range(len(row)):
            if row[i] is None:
                s = u""
            else:
                s = str(row[i])
            if i == len(self.widths):
                self.widths.append(len(s))
            elif len(s) > self.widths[i]:
                self.widths[i] = len(s)
            strings.append(s)
        self.rows.append(strings)

00940     def append_raw(self, s):
        """Append a raw string for a row that is not formatted into columns."""
        self.rows.append(s)

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.rows)

    def __str__(self):
        lines = []
        for row in self.rows:
            parts = [self.prefix]
            i = 0
            if isinstance(row, basestring):
                # A raw string.
                lines.append(row)
            else:
                while i < len(row):
                    parts.append(row[i].ljust(self.widths[i]))
                    if i < len(self.padding):
                        parts.append(self.padding[i])
                    i += 1
                lines.append(u"".join(parts).rstrip())
        return u"\n".join(lines)

def warn(str):
    """Print a warning to stderr."""
    print >> sys.stderr, str

00968 class NmapContentHandler(xml.sax.handler.ContentHandler):
    """The xml.sax ContentHandler for the XML parser. It contains a Scan object
    that is filled in and can be read back again once the parse method is
    finished."""
    def __init__(self, scan):
        self.scan = scan

        # We keep a stack of the elements we've seen, pushing on start and
        # popping on end.
        self.element_stack = []

        self.current_host = None
        self.current_port = None

00982     def parent_element(self):
        """Return the name of the element containing the current one, or None if
        this is the root element."""
        if len(self.element_stack) == 0:
            return None
        return self.element_stack[-1]

00989     def startElement(self, name, attrs):
        """This method keeps track of element_stack. The real parsing work is
        done in startElementAux. This is to make it easy for startElementAux to
        bail out on error."""
        self.startElementAux(name, attrs)

        self.element_stack.append(name)

00997     def endElement(self, name):
        """This method keeps track of element_stack. The real parsing work is
        done in endElementAux."""
        self.element_stack.pop()

        self.endElementAux(name)

    def startElementAux(self, name, attrs):
        if name == u"nmaprun":
            assert self.parent_element() == None
            if attrs.has_key(u"start"):
                start_timestamp = int(attrs.get(u"start"))
                self.scan.start_date = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(start_timestamp)
            self.scan.version = attrs.get(u"version")
        elif name == u"host":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"nmaprun"
            self.current_host = Host()
            self.scan.hosts.append(self.current_host)
        elif name == u"status":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"host"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            try:
                state = attrs[u"state"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s is missing the \"state\" attribute; assuming \"unknown\"." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            self.current_host.state = state
        elif name == u"address":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"host"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            try:
                addr = attrs[u"addr"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s is missing the \"addr\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            addrtype = attrs.get(u"addrtype", u"ipv4")
            self.current_host.add_address(Address.new(addrtype, addr))
        elif name == u"hostname":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"hostnames"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            try:
                hostname = attrs[u"name"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s is missing the \"name\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            self.current_host.add_hostname(hostname)
        elif name == u"extraports":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"ports"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            try:
                state = attrs[u"state"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s is missing the \"state\" attribute; assuming \"unknown\"." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                state = None
            if state in self.current_host.extraports:
                warn(u"Duplicate extraports state \"%s\" in host %s." % (state, self.current_host.format_name()))
            try:
                count = int(attrs[u"count"])
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s is missing the \"count\" attribute; assuming 0." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                count = 0
            except ValueError:
                warn(u"Can't convert extraports count \"%s\" to an integer in host %s; assuming 0." % (attrs[u"count"], self.current_host.format_name()))
                count = 0
            self.current_host.extraports[state] = count
        elif name == u"port":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"ports"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            try:
                portid_str = attrs[u"portid"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s missing the \"portid\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            try:
                portid = int(portid_str)
            except ValueError:
                warn(u"Can't convert portid \"%s\" to an integer in host %s; skipping port." % (portid_str, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            try:
                protocol = attrs[u"protocol"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s missing the \"protocol\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            self.current_port = Port((portid, protocol))
        elif name == u"state":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"port"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            if self.current_port is None:
                return
            if not attrs.has_key(u"state"):
                warn(u"%s element of port %s is missing the \"state\" attribute; assuming \"unknown\"." % (name, self.current_port.spec_string()))
                return
            self.current_port.state = attrs[u"state"]
            self.current_host.add_port(self.current_port)
        elif name == u"service":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"port"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            if self.current_port is None:
                return
            self.current_port.service.name = attrs.get(u"name")
            self.current_port.service.product = attrs.get(u"product")
            self.current_port.service.version = attrs.get(u"version")
            self.current_port.service.extrainfo = attrs.get(u"extrainfo")
            self.current_port.service.tunnel = attrs.get(u"tunnel")
        elif name == u"script":
            assert self.current_host is not None
            result = ScriptResult()
            try:
                result.id = attrs[u"id"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s missing the \"id\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            try:
                result.output = attrs[u"output"]
            except KeyError:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s missing the \"output\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            if self.parent_element() == u"hostscript":
                self.current_host.script_results.append(result)
            elif self.parent_element() == u"port":
                self.current_port.script_results.append(result)
            else:
                warn(u"%s element of host %s not inside hostscript or port element; ignoring." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
        elif name == u"osmatch":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"os"
            assert self.current_host is not None
            if not attrs.has_key(u"name"):
                warn(u"%s element of host %s is missing the \"name\" attribute; skipping." % (name, self.current_host.format_name()))
                return
            self.current_host.os.append(attrs[u"name"])
        elif name == u"finished":
            assert self.parent_element() == u"runstats"
            if attrs.has_key(u"time"):
                end_timestamp = int(attrs.get(u"time"))
                self.scan.end_date = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(end_timestamp)

    def endElementAux(self, name):
        if name == u"host":
            self.current_host.script_results.sort()
            self.current_host = None
        elif name == u"port":
            self.current_port.script_results.sort()
            self.current_port = None

def usage():
    print u"""\
Usage: %s [option] FILE1 FILE2
Compare two Nmap XML files and display a list of their differences.
Differences include host state changes, port state changes, and changes to
service and OS detection.

  -h, --help     display this help
  -v, --verbose  also show hosts and ports that haven't changed.
  --text         display output in text format (default)
  --xml          display output in XML format\
""" % sys.argv[0]

EXIT_EQUAL = 0
EXIT_DIFFERENT = 1
EXIT_ERROR = 2

def usage_error(msg):
    print >> sys.stderr, u"%s: %s" % (sys.argv[0], msg)
    print >> sys.stderr, u"Try '%s -h' for help." % sys.argv[0]
    sys.exit(EXIT_ERROR)

def main():
    global verbose
    output_format = None

    try:
        opts, input_filenames = getopt.gnu_getopt(sys.argv[1:], "hv", ["help", "text", "verbose", "xml"])
    except getopt.GetoptError, e:
        usage_error(e.msg)
    for o, a in opts:
        if o == "-h" or o == "--help":
            usage()
            sys.exit(0)
        elif o == "-v" or o == "--verbose":
            verbose = True
        elif o == "--text":
            if output_format is not None and output_format != "text":
                usage_error(u"contradictory output format options.")
            output_format = "text"
        elif o == "--xml":
            if output_format is not None and output_format != "xml":
                usage_error(u"contradictory output format options.")
            output_format = "xml"

    if len(input_filenames) != 2:
        usage_error(u"need exactly two input filenames.")

    if output_format is None:
        output_format = "text"

    filename_a = input_filenames[0]
    filename_b = input_filenames[1]

    scan_a = Scan()
    scan_a.load_from_file(filename_a)
    scan_b = Scan()
    scan_b.load_from_file(filename_b)

    diff = ScanDiff(scan_a, scan_b)

    if output_format == "text":
        diff.print_text()
    elif output_format == "xml":
        diff.print_xml()

    if diff.cost == 0:
        return EXIT_EQUAL
    else:
        return EXIT_DIFFERENT

# Catch uncaught exceptions so they can produce an exit code of 2 (EXIT_ERROR),
# not 1 like they would by default.
def excepthook(type, value, tb):
    sys.__excepthook__(type, value, tb)
    sys.exit(EXIT_ERROR)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    sys.excepthook = excepthook
    sys.exit(main())

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