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NmapCommand.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

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# This file contains the definitions of the NmapCommand class, which represents
# and runs an Nmap command line.

import codecs
import errno
import locale
import sys
import os
import re
import tempfile
import unittest

import zenmapCore.I18N

from types import StringTypes
try:
    import subprocess
except ImportError, e:
    raise ImportError(str(e) + ".\n" + _("Python 2.4 or later is required."))

import zenmapCore.Paths
from zenmapCore.Paths import Path
from zenmapCore.NmapOptions import NmapOptions
from zenmapCore.UmitLogging import log
from zenmapCore.UmitConf import PathsConfig
from zenmapCore.Name import APP_NAME

# The [paths] configuration from zenmap.conf, used to get nmap_command_path.
paths_config = PathsConfig()

log.debug(">>> Platform: %s" % sys.platform)

def split_quoted(s):
    """Like str.split, except that no splits occur inside quoted strings, and
    quoted strings are unquoted."""
    return [x.replace("\"", "") for x in re.findall('((?:"[^"]*"|[^"\s]+)+)', s)]

def wrap_file_in_preferred_encoding(f):
    """Wrap an open file to automatically decode its contents when reading from
    the encoding given by locale.getpreferredencoding, or just return the file
    if that doesn't work.

    The nmap executable will write its output in whatever the system encoding
    is. Nmap's output is usually all ASCII, but time zone it prints can be in a
    different encoding. If it is not decoded correctly it will be displayed as
    garbage characters. This function assists in reading the Nmap output. We
    don't know for sure what the encoding used is, but we take a best guess and
    decode the output into a proper unicode object so that the screen display
    and XML writer interpret it correctly."""

    try:
        preferredencoding = locale.getpreferredencoding()
    except locale.Error:
        # This can happen if the LANG environment variable is set to something
        # weird.
        preferredencoding = None

    if preferredencoding is not None:
        try:
            reader = codecs.getreader(preferredencoding)
            return reader(f, "replace")
        except LookupError:
            # The lookup failed. This can happen if the preferred encoding is
            # unknown ("X-MAC-KOREAN" has been observed). Ignore it and return
            # the unwrapped file.
            log.debug("Unknown encoding \"%s\"." % preferredencoding)

    return f

def escape_nmap_filename(filename):
    """Escape '%' characters so they are not interpreted as strftime format
    specifiers, which are not supported by Zenmap."""
    return filename.replace("%", "%%")

00163 class NmapCommand(object):
    """This class represents an Nmap command line. It is responsible for
    starting, stopping, and returning the results from a command-line scan. A
    command line is represented as a string but it is split into a list of
    arguments for execution."""

00169     def __init__(self, command):
        """Initialize an Nmap command. This creates temporary files for
        redirecting the various types of output and sets the backing
        command-line string."""
        self.command = command
        self.command_process = None

        self._stdout_file = None

        # Get the command as a list of options
        self.command_list = self._get_sanitized_command_list()
        
        # Go through the list and look for -oX or -oA, because that means the
        # user has specified an XML output file. When we find one, we escape '%'
        # characters to avoid strftime expansion and insert it back into the
        # command. We also escape the arguments to -oG, -oN, and -oS for
        # uniformity although we don't use the file names. If we find a -oX or
        # -oA option, set self.xml_is_temp to False and don't delete the file
        # after we're done. Otherwise, generate a random output file name and
        # delete it when the scan is finished.
        self.xml_is_temp = True
        self.xml_output_filename = None
        i = 0
        while i < len(self.command_list):
            if self.command_list[i] == "-oX":
                self.xml_is_temp = False
                if i == len(self.command_list) - 1:
                    break
                self.xml_output_filename = self.command_list[i + 1]
                escaped_xml_output_filename = escape_nmap_filename(self.xml_output_filename)
                self.command_list[i + 1] = escaped_xml_output_filename
                i += 1
            elif self.command_list[i] == "-oA":
                self.xml_is_temp = False
                if i == len(self.command_list) - 1:
                    break
                xml_output_prefix = self.command_list[i + 1]
                self.xml_output_filename = xml_output_prefix + ".xml"
                escaped_xml_output_prefix = escape_nmap_filename(xml_output_prefix)
                self.command_list[i + 1] = escaped_xml_output_prefix
                i += 1
            elif self.command_list[i] in ("-oG", "-oN", "-oS"):
                if i == len(self.command_list) - 1:
                    break
                escaped_filename = escape_nmap_filename(self.command_list[i + 1])
                self.command_list[i + 1] = escaped_filename
            i += 1

        if self.xml_is_temp:
            self.xml_output_filename = tempfile.mktemp(prefix = APP_NAME + "-", suffix = ".xml")
            escaped_xml_output_filename = escape_nmap_filename(self.xml_output_filename)
            self.command_list.append("-oX")
            self.command_list.append("%s" % escaped_xml_output_filename)

        log.debug(">>> Temporary files:")
        log.debug(">>> XML OUTPUT: %s" % self.xml_output_filename)

00226     def _get_sanitized_command_list(self):
        """Remove comments from the command, add output options, and return the
        command split up into a list ready for execution."""
        command = self.command

        # Remove comments from command.
        command = re.sub('#.*', '', command)

        # Split back into individual options, honoring double quotes.
        command_list = split_quoted(command)        

        # Replace the executable name with the value of nmap_command_path.
        if len(command_list) == 0:
            command_list.append(None)
        command_list[0] = paths_config.nmap_command_path

        return command_list

00244     def close(self):
        """Close and remove temporary output files used by the command."""
        self._stdout_file.close()
        if self.xml_is_temp:
            try:
                os.remove(self.xml_output_filename)
            except OSError, e:
                if e.errno != errno.ENOENT:
                    raise

00254     def kill(self):
        """Kill the nmap subprocess."""
        log.debug(">>> Killing scan process %s" % self.command_process.pid)

        if sys.platform != "win32":
            try:
                from signal import SIGKILL
                os.kill(self.command_process.pid, SIGKILL)
            except:
                pass
        else:
            try:
                # Not sure if this works. Must research a bit more about this
                # subprocess's method to see how it works.
                # In the meantime, this should not raise any exception because
                # we don't care if it killed the process as it never killed it anyway.
                from subprocess import TerminateProcess
                TerminateProcess(self.command_process._handle, 0)
            except:
                pass

00275     def get_path(self):
        """Return a value for the PATH environment variable that is appropriate
        for the current platform. It will be the PATH from the environment plus
        possibly some platform-specific directories."""
        path_env = os.getenv("PATH")
        if path_env is None:
            search_paths = []
        else:
            search_paths = path_env.split(os.pathsep)
        for path in zenmapCore.Paths.get_extra_executable_search_paths():
            if path not in search_paths:
                search_paths.append(path)
        return os.pathsep.join(search_paths)

00289     def run_scan(self):
        """Run the command represented by this class."""

        # We don't need a file name for stdout output, just a handle. A
        # TemporaryFile is deleted as soon as it is closed, and in Unix is
        # unlinked immediately after creation so it's not even visible.
        f = tempfile.TemporaryFile(mode = "rb", prefix = APP_NAME + "-stdout-")
        self._stdout_file = wrap_file_in_preferred_encoding(f)

        search_paths = self.get_path()
        env = dict(os.environ)
        env["PATH"] = search_paths
        log.debug("PATH=%s" % env["PATH"])

        log.debug("Running command: %s" % repr(self.command_list))

        startupinfo = None
        if sys.platform == "win32":
            # This keeps a terminal window from opening.
            startupinfo = subprocess.STARTUPINFO()
            startupinfo.dwFlags |= subprocess.STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW

        self.command_process = subprocess.Popen(self.command_list, bufsize=1,
                                     stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
                                     stdout=f.fileno(),
                                     stderr=f.fileno(),
                                     startupinfo = startupinfo,
                                     env=env)

00318     def scan_state(self):
        """Return the current state of a running scan. A return value of True
        means the scan is running and a return value of False means the scan
        subprocess completed successfully. If the subprocess terminated with an
        error an exception is raised. The scan must have been started with
        run_scan before calling this method."""
        if self.command_process == None:
            raise Exception("Scan is not running yet!")

        state = self.command_process.poll()

        if state == None:
            return True # True means that the process is still running
        elif state == 0:
            return False # False means that the process had a successful exit
        else:
            log.warning("An error occurred during the scan execution!")
            log.warning("Command that raised the exception: '%s'" %
                         " ".join(self.command_list))
            log.warning("Scan output:\n%s" % self.get_output())

            raise Exception("An error occurred during the scan execution!\n\n'%s'" % self.get_output())

00341     def get_output(self):
        """Return the stdout of the nmap subprocess."""
        self._stdout_file.seek(0)
        return self._stdout_file.read()

00346     def get_xml_output_filename(self):
        """Return the name of the XML (-oX) output file."""
        return self.xml_output_filename

00350 class SplitQuotedTest(unittest.TestCase):
    """A unittest class that tests the split_quoted function."""

    def test_split(self):
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted(''), [])
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted('a'), ['a'])
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted('a b c'), 'a b c'.split())

    def test_quotes(self):
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted('a "b" c'), ['a', 'b', 'c'])
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted('a "b c"'), ['a', 'b c'])
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted('a "b c""d e"'), ['a', 'b cd e'])
        self.assertEqual(split_quoted('a "b c"z"d e"'), ['a', 'b czd e'])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    unittest.TextTestRunner().run(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromTestCase(SplitQuotedTest))

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