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 * portlist.h -- Functions for manipulating various lists of ports         *
 * maintained internally by Nmap.                                          *
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/* $Id: portlist.h 6633 2007-12-22 06:32:03Z fyodor $ */

#ifndef PORTLIST_H
#define PORTLIST_H

#include <map>
#include "nbase.h"
#ifndef NOLUA
#include "nse_main.h"

#include "portreasons.h"

/* port states */
#define PORT_UNKNOWN 0
#define PORT_CLOSED 1
#define PORT_OPEN 2
#define PORT_TESTING 4
#define PORT_FRESH 5
#define PORT_OPENFILTERED 7 /* Like udp/fin/xmas/null/ipproto scan with no response */
#define PORT_CLOSEDFILTERED 8 /* Idle scan */
                        ADDED *** */

#define CONF_NONE 0
#define CONF_LOW 1
#define CONF_HIGH 2

enum serviceprobestate {
  PROBESTATE_INITIAL=1, // No probes started yet
  PROBESTATE_NULLPROBE, // Is working on the NULL Probe
  PROBESTATE_MATCHINGPROBES, // Is doing matching probe(s)
  PROBESTATE_NONMATCHINGPROBES, // The above failed, is checking nonmatches
  PROBESTATE_FINISHED_SOFTMATCHED, // Well, a soft match anyway
  PROBESTATE_FINISHED_NOMATCH, // D'oh!  Failed to find the service.
  PROBESTATE_FINISHED_TCPWRAPPED, // We think the port is blocked via tcpwrappers
  PROBESTATE_EXCLUDED, // The port has been excluded from the scan
  PROBESTATE_INCOMPLETE // failed to complete (error, host timeout, etc.)


enum service_tunnel_type { SERVICE_TUNNEL_NONE, SERVICE_TUNNEL_SSL };

// Move some popular TCP ports to the beginning of the portlist, because
// that can speed up certain scans.  You should have already done any port
// randomization, this should prevent the ports from always coming out in the
// same order.
void random_port_cheat(u16 *ports, int portcount);

struct serviceDeductions {
  const char *name; // will be NULL if can't determine
  // Confidence is a number from 0 (least confident) to 10 (most
  // confident) expressing how accurate the service detection is
  // likely to be.
  int name_confidence;
  // Any of these 6 can be NULL if we weren't able to determine it
  const char *product;
  const char *version;
  const char *extrainfo;
  const char *hostname;
  const char *ostype;
  const char *devicetype;
  enum service_tunnel_type service_tunnel; 
  // This is the combined version of the three fields above.  It will be 
  // zero length if unavailable.
  char fullversion[128];
  // if we should give the user a service fingerprint to submit, here it is.  Otherwise NULL.
  const char *service_fp; 
  enum service_detection_type dtype; // definition above
  int rpc_status; /* RPC_STATUS_UNTESTED means we haven't checked
                RPC_STATUS_UNKNOWN means the port appears to be RPC
                but we couldn't find a match
                RPC_STATUS_GOOD_PROG means rpc_program gives the prog #
                RPC_STATUS_NOT_RPC means the port doesn't appear to 
                be RPC */
  unsigned long rpc_program; /* Only valid if rpc_state == RPC_STATUS_GOOD_PROG */
  unsigned int rpc_lowver;
  unsigned int rpc_highver;


class Port {

  // pass in an allocated struct serviceDeductions (don't worry about initializing, and
  // you don't have to free any internal ptrs.  See the serviceDeductions definition for
  // the fields that are populated.  Returns 0 if at least a name is available.
  int getServiceDeductions(struct serviceDeductions *sd);

  // sname should be NULL if sres is not
  // PROBESTATE_FINISHED_MATCHED. product,version, and/or extrainfo
  // will be NULL if unavailable. Note that this function makes its
  // own copy of sname and product/version/extrainfo.  This function
  // also takes care of truncating the version strings to a
  // 'reasonable' length if neccessary, and cleaning up any unprinable
  // chars. (these tests are to avoid annoying DOS (or other) attacks
  // by malicious services).  The fingerprint should be NULL unless
  // one is available and the user should submit it.  tunnel must be
  // SERVICE_TUNNEL_NULL (normal) or SERVICE_TUNNEL_SSL (means ssl was
  // detected and we tried to tunnel through it ).
  void setServiceProbeResults(enum serviceprobestate sres, const char *sname,
                        enum service_tunnel_type tunnel, const char *product, 
                        const char *version, const char *hostname,
                        const char *ostype, const char *devicetype,
                        const char *extrainfo, const char *fingerprint);

  char* cstringSanityCheck(const char* string, int len);

  /* Sets the results of an RPC scan.  if rpc_status is not
   RPC_STATUS_GOOD_PROGRAM, pass 0 for the other args. This function
   takes care of setting the port's service and version
   appropriately. */
  void setRPCProbeResults(int rpc_status, unsigned long rpc_program, 
                    unsigned int rpc_lowver, unsigned int rpc_highver);

  u16 portno;
  u8 proto;
  char *owner;
  int state; 
  int confidence; /* How sure are we about the state? */
  state_reason_t reason;

#ifndef NOLUA
  ScriptResults scriptResults;

  int rpc_status; /* RPC_STATUS_UNTESTED means we haven't checked
                RPC_STATUS_UNKNOWN means the port appears to be RPC
                but we couldn't find a match
                RPC_STATUS_GOOD_PROG means rpc_program gives the prog #
                RPC_STATUS_NOT_RPC means the port doesn't appear to 
                be RPC */
  unsigned long rpc_program; /* Only valid if rpc_state == RPC_STATUS_GOOD_PROG */
  unsigned int rpc_lowver;
  unsigned int rpc_highver;
  Port *next; /* Internal use only -- we sometimes like to link them
                  together */
  enum serviceprobestate serviceprobe_results; // overall results of service scan
  char *serviceprobe_service; // If a service was discovered, points to the name
  // Any of these next three can be NULL if the details are not available
  char *serviceprobe_product; 
  char *serviceprobe_version; 
  char *serviceprobe_extrainfo; 
  char *serviceprobe_hostname;
  char *serviceprobe_ostype;
  char *serviceprobe_devicetype;
  enum service_tunnel_type serviceprobe_tunnel;
  // A fingerprint that the user can submit if the service wasn't recognized
  char *serviceprobe_fp;


/* Needed enums to address some arrays. This values
 * should never be used directly. Use INPROTO2PORTLISTPROTO macro */
enum portlist_proto {   // PortList Protocols

class PortList {
  /* Set ports that will be scanned for each protocol. This function
   * must be called before any PortList object will be created. */
  static void initializePortMap(int protocol, u16 *ports, int portcount);
  /* Free memory used by port_map. It should be done somewhere before quitting*/
  static void freePortMap();
  /* Add a new port to this list.  If the state has changed, it is
     OK to call this function to effect the change */
  int addPort(u16 portno, u8 protocol, char *owner, int state);
  int removePort(u16 portno, u8 protocol);
  /* Saves an identification string for the target containing these
     ports (an IP addrss might be a good example, but set what you
     want).  Only used when printing new port updates.  Optional.  A
     copy is made. */
  void setIdStr(const char *id);
  /* A function for iterating through the ports.  Give NULL for the
   first "afterthisport".  Then supply the most recent returned port
   for each subsequent call.  When no more matching ports remain, NULL
   will be returned.  To restrict returned ports to just one protocol,
   specify IPPROTO_TCP or IPPROTO_UDP for allowed_protocol. A TCPANDUDP
   for allowed_protocol matches either. A 0 for allowed_state matches 
   all possible states. This function returns ports in numeric
   order from lowest to highest, except that if you ask for both TCP &
   UDP, every TCP port will be returned before we start returning UDP
   ports */
   Port *nextPort(Port *afterthisport, 
                int allowed_protocol, int allowed_state);

  /* Get Port structure from PortList structure.*/
  Port *getPortEntry(u16 portno, u8 protocol);
  /* Set Port structure to PortList structure.*/
  void  setPortEntry(u16 portno, u8 protocol, Port *port);

  int setStateReason(u16 portno, u8 proto, reason_t reason, u8 ttl, u32 ip_addr);

  int numports; /* Total number of ports in list in ANY state */
  int numscriptresults; /* Total number of scripts which produced output */

  /* Get number of ports in this state. This a sum for protocols. */
  int getStateCounts(int state);
  /* Get number of ports in this state for requested protocol. */
  int getStateCounts(int protocol, int state);

  /* Cycles through the 0 or more "ignored" ports which should be
   consolidated for Nmap output.  They are returned sorted by the
   number of prots in the state, starting with the most common.  It
   should first be called with PORT_UNKNOWN to obtain the most popular
   ignored state (if any).  Then call with that state to get the next
   most popular one.  Returns the state if there is one, but returns
   PORT_UNKNOWN if there are no (more) states which qualify for
   consolidation */
  int nextIgnoredState(int prevstate);

  /* Returns true if a state should be ignored (consolidated), false otherwise */
  bool isIgnoredState(int state);

  int numIgnoredStates();
  int numIgnoredPorts();

  /* A string identifying the system these ports are on.  Just used for 
     printing open ports, if it is set with setIdStr() */
  char *idstr;
  /* Number of ports in each state per each protocol */
  int state_counts_proto[PORTLIST_PROTO_MAX][PORT_HIGHEST_STATE];
  Port **port_list[PORTLIST_PROTO_MAX];
  /* Maps port_number to index in port_list array.
   * Only functions: getPortEntry, setPortEntry, initializePortMap and 
   * nextPort should access this structure directly. */
  static u16 *port_map[PORTLIST_PROTO_MAX];
  /* Number of allocated elements in port_list per each protocol. */
  static int port_list_count[PORTLIST_PROTO_MAX];


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