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FingerPrintResults.cc

/***************************************************************************
 * FingerPrintResults.cc -- The FingerPrintResults class the results of OS *
 * fingerprint matching against a certain host.                            *
 *                                                                         *
 ***********************IMPORTANT NMAP LICENSE TERMS************************
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 ***************************************************************************/

/* $Id: FingerPrintResults.cc 4228 2006-12-08 03:01:08Z fyodor $ */

#include "FingerPrintResults.h"
#include "osscan.h"
#include "NmapOps.h"

extern NmapOps o;

FingerPrintResults::FingerPrintResults() {
  num_perfect_matches = num_matches = 0;
  overall_results = OSSCAN_NOMATCHES;
  memset(accuracy, 0, sizeof(accuracy));
  isClassified = false;
  osscan_opentcpport = osscan_closedtcpport = osscan_closedudpport = -1;
  distance = -1;
  distance_guess = -1;
  /* We keep FPs holding at least 10 records because Gen1 OS detection
     doesn't support maxOSTries() */
  FPs = (FingerPrint **) safe_zalloc(MAX(o.maxOSTries(), 10) * sizeof(FingerPrint *));
  maxTimingRatio = 0;
  numFPs = goodFP = 0;
}

FingerPrintResults::~FingerPrintResults() {
  int i;

  /* Free OS fingerprints of OS scanning was done */
  for(i=0; i < numFPs; i++) {
    freeFingerPrint(FPs[i]);
    FPs[i] = NULL;
  }
  numFPs = 0;
  free(FPs);
}

const struct OS_Classification_Results *FingerPrintResults::getOSClassification() {
  if (!isClassified) { populateClassification(); isClassified = true; }
  return &OSR;
}

/* If the fingerprint is of potentially poor quality, we don't want to
   print it and ask the user to submit it.  In that case, the reason
   for skipping the FP is returned as a static string.  If the FP is
   great and should be printed, NULL is returned. */
const char *FingerPrintResults::OmitSubmissionFP() {
  static char reason[128];

  if (o.scan_delay > 500) { // This can screw up the sequence timing
    snprintf(reason, sizeof(reason), "Scan delay (%d) is greater than 500", o.scan_delay);
    return reason;
  }

  if (o.timing_level > 4)
    return "Timing level 5 (Insane) used";

  if (osscan_opentcpport <= 0)
    return "Missing an open TCP port so results incomplete";

  if (osscan_closedtcpport <= 0)
    return "Missing a closed TCP port so results incomplete";

  // I'm not sure this is really necessary, but maybe.  Large routes
  // can cause asymetric routing which leads to wrong TTL information.
  // They can cause variable timing too.
  if (distance > 10) {
    snprintf(reason, sizeof(reason), "Host distance (%d network hops) is greater than ten", distance);
    return reason;
  }

  if (maxTimingRatio > 1.4) {
    snprintf(reason, sizeof(reason), "maxTimingRatio (%e) is greater than 1.4", maxTimingRatio);
    return reason;
  }

  if (osscan_closedudpport < 0 && !o.udpscan) {
    /* If we didn't get a U1 response, that might be just
       because we didn't search for an open port rather than
       because this OS doesn't respond to that sort of probe.
       So we don't print FP if U1 response is lacking AND no UDP
       scan was performed. */
    return "Didn't receive UDP response. Please try again with -sSU";
  }

  return NULL;
}


/* Goes through fingerprinting results to populate OSR */
void FingerPrintResults::populateClassification() {
  int printno, classno;

  OSR.OSC_num_perfect_matches = OSR.OSC_num_matches = 0;
  OSR.overall_results = OSSCAN_SUCCESS;

  if (overall_results == OSSCAN_TOOMANYMATCHES) {
    // The normal classification overflowed so we don't even have all the perfect matches,
    // I don't see any good reason to do classification.
    OSR.overall_results = OSSCAN_TOOMANYMATCHES;
    return;
  }

  for(printno = 0; printno < num_matches; printno++) {
    // a single print may have multiple classifications
    for(classno = 0; classno < prints[printno]->num_OS_Classifications; classno++) {
      if (!classAlreadyExistsInResults(&(prints[printno]->OS_class[classno]))) {
      // Then we have to add it ... first ensure we have room
      if (OSR.OSC_num_matches == MAX_FP_RESULTS) {
        // Out of space ... if the accuracy of this one is 100%, we have a problem
        if (accuracy[printno] == 1.0) OSR.overall_results = OSSCAN_TOOMANYMATCHES;
        return;
      }

      // We have space, but do we even want this one?  No point
      // including lesser matches if we have 1 or more perfect
      // matches.
      if (OSR.OSC_num_perfect_matches > 0 && accuracy[printno] < 1.0) {
        return;
      }

      // OK, we will add the new class
      OSR.OSC[OSR.OSC_num_matches] = &(prints[printno]->OS_class[classno]);
      OSR.OSC_Accuracy[OSR.OSC_num_matches] = accuracy[printno];
      if (accuracy[printno] == 1.0) OSR.OSC_num_perfect_matches++;
      OSR.OSC_num_matches++;
      }
    }
  }

  if (OSR.OSC_num_matches == 0)
    OSR.overall_results = OSSCAN_NOMATCHES;

  return;
}

// Go through any previously enterted classes to see if this is a dupe;
bool FingerPrintResults::classAlreadyExistsInResults(struct OS_Classification *OSC) {
  int i;

  for (i=0; i < OSR.OSC_num_matches; i++) {
    if (!strcmp(OSC->OS_Vendor, OSR.OSC[i]->OS_Vendor)  &&
      !strcmp(OSC->OS_Family, OSR.OSC[i]->OS_Family)  &&
      !strcmp(OSC->Device_Type, OSR.OSC[i]->Device_Type) &&
      !strcmp(OSC->OS_Generation? OSC->OS_Generation : "", 
            OSR.OSC[i]->OS_Generation? OSR.OSC[i]->OS_Generation : "")) {
    // Found a duplicate!
    return true;
    }
  }

  // Went through all the results -- no duplicates found
  return false;
}


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