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fad-getad.c

/* -*- Mode: c; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: 1; c-basic-offset: 8; -*- */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    This product includes software developed by the Computer Systems
 *    Engineering Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor of the Laboratory may be used
 *    to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static const char rcsid[] _U_ =
    "@(#) $Header$ (LBL)";
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>

#include <net/if.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ifaddrs.h>

#include "pcap-int.h"

#ifdef HAVE_OS_PROTO_H
#include "os-proto.h"
#endif

#ifdef AF_PACKET
# include <linux/if_packet.h>
#endif

/*
 * This is fun.
 *
 * In older BSD systems, socket addresses were fixed-length, and
 * "sizeof (struct sockaddr)" gave the size of the structure.
 * All addresses fit within a "struct sockaddr".
 *
 * In newer BSD systems, the socket address is variable-length, and
 * there's an "sa_len" field giving the length of the structure;
 * this allows socket addresses to be longer than 2 bytes of family
 * and 14 bytes of data.
 *
 * Some commercial UNIXes use the old BSD scheme, some use the RFC 2553
 * variant of the old BSD scheme (with "struct sockaddr_storage" rather
 * than "struct sockaddr"), and some use the new BSD scheme.
 *
 * Some versions of GNU libc use neither scheme, but has an "SA_LEN()"
 * macro that determines the size based on the address family.  Other
 * versions don't have "SA_LEN()" (as it was in drafts of RFC 2553
 * but not in the final version).  On the latter systems, we explicitly
 * check the AF_ type to determine the length; we assume that on
 * all those systems we have "struct sockaddr_storage".
 */
#ifndef SA_LEN
#ifdef HAVE_SOCKADDR_SA_LEN
#define SA_LEN(addr)    ((addr)->sa_len)
#else /* HAVE_SOCKADDR_SA_LEN */
#ifdef HAVE_SOCKADDR_STORAGE
static size_t
get_sa_len(struct sockaddr *addr)
{
      switch (addr->sa_family) {

#ifdef AF_INET
      case AF_INET:
            return (sizeof (struct sockaddr_in));
#endif

#ifdef AF_INET6
      case AF_INET6:
            return (sizeof (struct sockaddr_in6));
#endif

#ifdef AF_PACKET
      case AF_PACKET:
            return (sizeof (struct sockaddr_ll));
#endif

      default:
            return (sizeof (struct sockaddr));
      }
}
#define SA_LEN(addr)    (get_sa_len(addr))
#else /* HAVE_SOCKADDR_STORAGE */
#define SA_LEN(addr)    (sizeof (struct sockaddr))
#endif /* HAVE_SOCKADDR_STORAGE */
#endif /* HAVE_SOCKADDR_SA_LEN */
#endif /* SA_LEN */

/*
 * Get a list of all interfaces that are up and that we can open.
 * Returns -1 on error, 0 otherwise.
 * The list, as returned through "alldevsp", may be null if no interfaces
 * were up and could be opened.
 *
 * This is the implementation used on platforms that have "getifaddrs()".
 */
int
pcap_findalldevs(pcap_if_t **alldevsp, char *errbuf)
{
      pcap_if_t *devlist = NULL;
      struct ifaddrs *ifap, *ifa;
      struct sockaddr *addr, *netmask, *broadaddr, *dstaddr;
      size_t addr_size, broadaddr_size, dstaddr_size;
      int ret = 0;
      char *p, *q;

      /*
       * Get the list of interface addresses.
       *
       * Note: this won't return information about interfaces
       * with no addresses; are there any such interfaces
       * that would be capable of receiving packets?
       * (Interfaces incapable of receiving packets aren't
       * very interesting from libpcap's point of view.)
       *
       * LAN interfaces will probably have link-layer
       * addresses; I don't know whether all implementations
       * of "getifaddrs()" now, or in the future, will return
       * those.
       */
      if (getifaddrs(&ifap) != 0) {
            (void)snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
                "getifaddrs: %s", pcap_strerror(errno));
            return (-1);
      }
      for (ifa = ifap; ifa != NULL; ifa = ifa->ifa_next) {
            /*
             * Is this interface up?
             */
            if (!(ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_UP)) {
                  /*
                   * No, so don't add it to the list.
                   */
                  continue;
            }

            /*
             * "ifa_addr" was apparently null on at least one
             * interface on some system.
             *
             * "ifa_broadaddr" may be non-null even on
             * non-broadcast interfaces, and was null on
             * at least one OpenBSD 3.4 system on at least
             * one interface with IFF_BROADCAST set.
             *
             * "ifa_dstaddr" was, on at least one FreeBSD 4.1
             * system, non-null on a non-point-to-point
             * interface.
             *
             * Therefore, we supply the address and netmask only
             * if "ifa_addr" is non-null (if there's no address,
             * there's obviously no netmask), and supply the
             * broadcast and destination addresses if the appropriate
             * flag is set *and* the appropriate "ifa_" entry doesn't
             * evaluate to a null pointer.
             */
            if (ifa->ifa_addr != NULL) {
                  addr = ifa->ifa_addr;
                  addr_size = SA_LEN(addr);
                  netmask = ifa->ifa_netmask;
            } else {
                  addr = NULL;
                  addr_size = 0;
                  netmask = NULL;
            }
            if (ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_BROADCAST &&
                ifa->ifa_broadaddr != NULL) {
                  broadaddr = ifa->ifa_broadaddr;
                  broadaddr_size = SA_LEN(broadaddr);
            } else {
                  broadaddr = NULL;
                  broadaddr_size = 0;
            }
            if (ifa->ifa_flags & IFF_POINTOPOINT &&
                ifa->ifa_dstaddr != NULL) {
                  dstaddr = ifa->ifa_dstaddr;
                  dstaddr_size = SA_LEN(ifa->ifa_dstaddr);
            } else {
                  dstaddr = NULL;
                  dstaddr_size = 0;
            }

            /*
             * If this entry has a colon followed by a number at
             * the end, we assume it's a logical interface.  Those
             * are just the way you assign multiple IP addresses to
             * a real interface on Linux, so an entry for a logical
             * interface should be treated like the entry for the
             * real interface; we do that by stripping off the ":"
             * and the number.
             *
             * XXX - should we do this only on Linux?
             */
            p = strchr(ifa->ifa_name, ':');
            if (p != NULL) {
                  /*
                   * We have a ":"; is it followed by a number?
                   */
                  q = p + 1;
                  while (isdigit((unsigned char)*q))
                        q++;
                  if (*q == '\0') {
                        /*
                         * All digits after the ":" until the end.
                         * Strip off the ":" and everything after
                         * it.
                         */
                         *p = '\0';
                  }
            }

            /*
             * Add information for this address to the list.
             */
            if (add_addr_to_iflist(&devlist, ifa->ifa_name,
                ifa->ifa_flags, addr, addr_size, netmask, addr_size,
                broadaddr, broadaddr_size, dstaddr, dstaddr_size,
                errbuf) < 0) {
                  ret = -1;
                  break;
            }
      }

      freeifaddrs(ifap);

      if (ret != -1) {
            /*
             * We haven't had any errors yet; do any platform-specific
             * operations to add devices.
             */
            if (pcap_platform_finddevs(&devlist, errbuf) < 0)
                  ret = -1;
      }

      if (ret == -1) {
            /*
             * We had an error; free the list we've been constructing.
             */
            if (devlist != NULL) {
                  pcap_freealldevs(devlist);
                  devlist = NULL;
            }
      }

      *alldevsp = devlist;
      return (ret);
}

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