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osscan.h

/***************************************************************************
 * osscan.h -- Routines used for OS detection via TCP/IP fingerprinting.   *
 * For more information on how this works in Nmap, see my paper at         *
 * http://www.insecure.org/nmap/nmap-fingerprinting-article.html           *
 *                                                                         *
 ***********************IMPORTANT NMAP LICENSE TERMS************************
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 * The Nmap Security Scanner is (C) 1996-2004 Insecure.Com LLC. Nmap       *
 * is also a registered trademark of Insecure.Com LLC.  This program is    *
 * free software; you may redistribute and/or modify it under the          *
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 * our remote OS fingerprinting database and code, service/version         *
 * detection system, and port scanning code.                               *
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 *                                                                         *
 ***************************************************************************/

/* $Id: osscan.h,v 1.28 2004/10/12 09:34:11 fyodor Exp $ */

#ifndef OSSCAN_H
#define OSSCAN_H

#include "nmap.h"
#include "tcpip.h"
#include "global_structures.h"
#include "FingerPrintResults.h"

#define OSSCAN_SUCCESS 0
#define OSSCAN_NOMATCHES -1
#define OSSCAN_TOOMANYMATCHES -2

/* We won't even consider matches with a lower accuracy than this */
#define OSSCAN_GUESS_THRESHOLD 0.85
/**********************  STRUCTURES  ***********************************/

/* moved to global_structures.h */

/**********************  PROTOTYPES  ***********************************/
int os_scan(Target *target);
FingerPrint *get_fingerprint(Target *target, struct seq_info *si);
struct AVal *fingerprint_iptcppacket(struct ip *ip, int mss, unsigned int syn);
struct AVal *fingerprint_portunreach(struct ip *ip, struct udpprobeinfo *upi);
struct udpprobeinfo *send_closedudp_probe(int rawsd, 
                                const struct in_addr *dest,
                                u16 sport, u16 dport);

unsigned int get_gcd_n_ulong(int numvalues, unsigned int *values);
unsigned int euclid_gcd(unsigned int a, unsigned int b);
char *fp2ascii(FingerPrint *FP);

/* Parses a single fingerprint from the memory region given.  If a
 non-null fingerprint is returned, the user is in charge of freeing it
 when done.  This function does not require the fingerprint to be 100%
 complete since it is used by scripts such as scripts/fingerwatch for
 which some partial fingerpritns are OK. */
FingerPrint *parse_single_fingerprint(char *fprint_orig);
FingerPrint **parse_fingerprint_file(char *fname);
FingerPrint **parse_fingerprint_reference_file();

/* Compares 2 fingerprints -- a referenceFP (can have expression
   attributes) with an observed fingerprint (no expressions).  If
   verbose is nonzero, differences will be printed.  The comparison
   accuracy (between 0 and 1) is returned) */
double compare_fingerprints(FingerPrint *referenceFP, FingerPrint *observedFP,
                      int verbose);

/* Takes a fingerprint and looks for matches inside reference_FPs[].
   The results are stored in in FPR (which must point to an instantiated
   FingerPrintResults class) -- results will be reverse-sorted by
   accuracy.  No results below accuracy_threshhold will be included.
   The max matches returned is the maximum that fits in a
   FingerPrintResults class.  */
void match_fingerprint(FingerPrint *FP, FingerPrintResults *FPR, 
                   FingerPrint **reference_FPs, double accuracy_threshold);
struct AVal *str2AVal(char *p);
struct AVal *gettestbyname(FingerPrint *FP, const char *name);

/* Returns true if perfect match -- if num_subtests & num_subtests_succeeded are non_null it updates them.  if shortcircuit is zero, it does all the tests, otherwise it returns when the first one fails */

/* Returns true if perfect match -- if num_subtests &
   num_subtests_succeeded are non_null it ADDS THE NEW VALUES to what
   is already there.  So initialize them to zero first if you only
   want to see the results from this match.  if shortcircuit is zero,
   it does all the tests, otherwise it returns when the first one
   fails */
int AVal_match(struct AVal *reference, struct AVal *fprint, unsigned long *num_subtests, unsigned long *num_subtests_succeeded, int shortcut);

void freeFingerPrint(FingerPrint *FP);
char *mergeFPs(FingerPrint *FPs[], int numFPs, int openport, int closedport,
             const u8 *mac);

/* Writes an informational "Test" result suitable for including at the
   top of a fingerprint.  Gives info which might be useful when the
   FPrint is submitted (eg Nmap version, etc).  Result is written (up
   to ostrlen) to the ostr var passed in */
void WriteSInfo(char *ostr, int ostrlen, int openport, int closedport, 
            const u8 *mac);

/* This function takes an array of "numSamples" IP IDs and analyzes
 them to determine their sequenceability classification.  It returns
 one of the IPID_SEQ_* classifications defined in nmap.h .  If the
 function cannot determine the sequence, IPID_SEQ_UNKNOWN is returned.
 This islocalhost argument is a boolean specifying whether these
 numbers were generated by scanning localhost.  NOTE: the "ipids" argument
 may be modified if localhost is set to true. */
int ipid_sequence(int numSamples, u16 *ipids, int islocalhost);

#endif /*OSSCAN_H*/






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